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Adjectives - Descriptive and limitiing

    Dr. Otto

Let’s look at the job that ADJECTIVES do in a sentence. Suppose …

YouTube Tutorial – click INTRODUCTION /OR/ APPLICATION
Text for APPLICATION – Click HERE.
Notes – scroll down to Notes
Assignment – scroll down to Assignment
Answer Key – scroll down to Answer Key
Practice oral English – click HERE
ASK DR. OTTO – click HERE

Notes

 

Adjectives describe or modify nouns. That is, adjectives add to the meaning of the nouns they modify. There are two kinds of adjectives: descriptive adjectives and limiting adjectives.

1. Descriptive Adjectives

Descriptive adjectives add color, size, and shape to persons, places and things.

Examples:

  • Bright orange vegetables contain beta-carotene. (‘bright’ and ‘orange’ are  adjectives that refer to color and describe the noun vegetables)
  • Green leafy vegetables contain minerals and vitamins. (‘green’ and ‘leafy’ are adjectives that refer to color and shape and describe the noun vegetables)
  • The tall thin girl is my sister. (‘tall’ and ‘thin’ are adjectives that refer to shape and describe the noun girl)

 

2. Limiting Adjectives

Limiting adjectives describe how many, how much, which one, and whose.

Examples:

  • The three boys in the car are my brothers. (‘Three’ is an adjective referring to number and modifies ‘boys’.)
  • I found three small round stones in my shoe. (‘three’, ‘small’, ‘round’ are adjectives that refer to how many, size and shape and describe the noun stones)
  • This beautiful new bicycle is mine. (‘this’, ‘beautiful’, ‘new’ are adjectives that refer to ‘which one’ and describe the noun bicycle)

 

Assignment

 

Underline the adjectives in the list of words below each sentence and the nouns they modify in the second column of words.

1. Bob has young children.

Adjectives                              Nouns

Bob                                          Bob

young                                      young

children                                   children

2. Nancy has an older child.

Adjectives                              Nouns

Nancy                                                 Nancy

older                                        older

child                                         child

3. Spiders have eight tiny legs.

Adjectives                              Nouns

Spiders                                    Spiders

eight                                        eight

tiny                                          tiny

legs                                          legs

4. Chocolate cookies are tasty sweets.

Adjectives                              Nouns

cookies                                    cookies

tasty                                        tasty

sweets                                     sweets

5. Please put the new dishes in two boxes.

Adjectives                              Nouns

new                                         new

dishes                                      dishes

two                                          two

boxes                                      boxes

6. John sells pianos for a large company.

Adjectives                              Nouns

pianos                                      large

large                                        pianos

company                                 company

7. Sharp scissors cut thick cloth.

Adjectives                              Nouns

Sharp                                      sharp

scissors                                   scissors

thick                                        thick

cloth                                        cloth

8. Steam engines belch black smoke.

Adjectives                              Nouns

engines                                    engines

black                                       black

smoke                                                 smoke

9. Spiders spin sticky threads.

Adjectives                              Nouns

spiders                                     spiders

sticky                                       sticky

threads                                    threads

10.  I have healthy teeth.

Adjectives                              Nouns

healthy                                    healthy

teeth                                        teeth

11.  Everyone in my family wears thick glasses.

Adjectives                              Nouns

everyone                                 everyone

family                                      family

thick                                        thick

glasses                                    glasses

12.  We saw a beautiful church yesterday.

Adjectives                              Nouns

we                                           we

beautiful                                  beautiful

church                                     church

yesterday                                yesterday

13.  The boys and girls ate huge pieces of cake.

Adjectives                              Nouns

boys                                        boys

huge                                        huge

pieces                                      pieces

cake                                        cake

14.  She writes interesting letters to me.

Adjectives                              Nouns

interesting                                interesting

letters                                      letters

me                                           me

15.  The tiny kitten chased two mice into the barn.

Adjectives                              Nouns

tiny                                          tiny

kitten                                       kitten

two                                          two

mice                                        mice

16.  I had a blister on my left foot.

Adjectives                              Nouns

blister                                       blister

left                                           left

foot                                          foot

17.  English is my favourite subject.

Adjectives                              Nouns

English                                   English

favourite                                  favourite

subject                                     subject

18.  She has round blue eyes.

Adjectives                              Nouns

she                                          she

round                                       round

blue                                         blue

eyes                                        eyes

19.  Super heroes are important people.

Adjectives                              Nouns

Super                                     Super

heroes                                     heroes

important                                 important

people                                     people

20.  Some board games have difficult rules.

Adjectives                              Nouns

board                                       board

games                                     games

difficult                                    difficult

rules                                        rules

Answer Key

Adjectives

1. Bob has young children.

Answer: Young –adjective; children – noun modified

2. Nancy has an older child.

Answer: Older – adjective; Child – noun modified

3. Spiders have eight tiny legs.

Answer: eight – adjective; Tiny – adjective; legs – noun modified

4. Chocolate cookies are tasty sweets.

Answer: chocolate – adjective; cookies – noun modified; tasty- adjective; sweets – noun modified

5. Please put the new dishes in two boxes.

Answer: New – adjective; Dishes – noun modified; Two – adjective; boxes– noun modified

6. John sells used pianos for a large company.

Answer: used – adjective; Pianos- noun modified; Large – adjective; Company – noun modified

7. Sharp scissors cut thick cloth.

Answer : Sharp – adjective; Scissors – noun modified; Thick – adjective; Cloth – noun modified

8. Steam engines belch black smoke.

Answer: Steam – adjective; Engines – noun modified; Black –adjective; Smoke – noun modified

9. Spiders spin long sticky threads.

Answer: Long – adjective; Threads – noun modified; Sticky – adjective; Threads – noun modified

10. I have healthy teeth.

Answer: Healthy – adjective; Teeth – noun modified

11. Everyone in my family wears thick glasses.

Answer: Thick – adjective; Glasses – noun modified

12. We saw a beautiful old church yesterday.

Answer: Beautiful – adjective – Church – noun modified;; old – adjective; Church – noun modified

13. The boys and girls ate huge pieces of chocolate cake.

Answer: Huge – adjective; Pieces – noun modified; Chocolate – adjective; Cake – noun modified

14. She writes interesting letters to me.

Answer: Interesting – adjective; Letters – noun modified

15. The tiny kitten chased two mice into the barn.

Answer: Tiny – adjective; kitten – noun modified; two – adjective; Mice – noun modified

16. I had a painful blister on my left foot.

Answer: Painful – adjective; Blister – noun modified; Left – adjective; Foot – noun modified

17. Social studies is my favourite subject.

Answer: Favourite – adjective; Subject – noun modified

18.She has round blue eyes.

Answer. Round – adjective – noun modified; Blue – adjective; eyes – noun modified

19. Super heroes are important people.

Answer: Super – adjective; Heroes – noun modified; Important – adjective; People – noun modified

20. Some board games have difficult rules.

Answer: board – adjective; games – noun modified;; difficult – adjective; rules – noun modified