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Adjective - Level III

Adjective

Notes

Adjectives describe or modify nouns and pronouns. That is how they add meaning to the nouns and pronouns they modify.

Nouns may function as adjectives.
Examples: college credits (‘college’ is a noun used as an adjective to modify the noun ‘credits’)
summer clothes (‘summer’ is a noun used as an adjective to modify the noun ‘clothes’)

Proper adjectives formed from proper nouns
Example: American workers (‘American’ is a proper adjective formed from the proper noun ‘America’.)

Possessive nouns function as possessive adjectives.
Example: John’s car (‘John’s’ is a proper noun functioning as an adjective to modify the noun ‘car’.)

Possessive Pronouns as possessive adjectives: my, your, his, her, its, our, their, one’s
Example: Their safety is in my hands. (‘Their’ functions as an adjective modifying the noun ‘safety’. ‘My’ functions as an adjective modifying the noun ‘hands’.)

Demonstrative pronouns as demonstrative adjectives: this, these, that, those
Example: This peach reminds me of those peaches we picked in California. (‘This’ functions as an adjective modifying the noun ‘peach’. ‘Those’ functions as an adjective modifying the noun ‘peaches’.)

Interrogative pronouns as interrogative adjectives: what, which, whose
Example: Whose book is this? (‘Whose’ functions as an adjective modifying the noun ‘book’.)

Indefinite pronouns as indefinite adjectives: another, each, both, many, any, some, somebody, one’s
Example: Both boys were hurt in the accident. (‘Both’ functions as an adjective modifying the noun ‘boys’.)

Relative pronouns may function as relative adjectives: what, whatever, which, whichever, whose, whoever
Example: I know whichever decision you make will be accepted. (‘Whichever’, functions as an adjective modifying the noun ‘decision’.)

Assignment

Write the nouns and pronouns, that serve as adjectives, in the appropriate columns.

1. Few teenagers in the audience liked the band’s music.

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

2. Those pictures were taken at Ken’s wedding.

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

3. This desk was actually an old kitchen table.

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

4. Our boys will travel with their cousins.

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

5. Both children are important to us.

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

6. Which of these cars is your mother’s?

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

7. Anyone could slip through that garage door.

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

8. Their cat lost some of its fur in a fight.

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

9. Whose boat trailer did you borrow?

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

10. If that tennis racket is yours, which one is hers?

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

11. They will have to solve many problem situations for themselves.

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

12. One of the men who lost his job is Bill’s brother.

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

13. American musicians were honored at that concert last night.

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

14. Those picture frames belong to me. Which are his?

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

15. Someone’s pen is on my desk. Mine is in my pocket.

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

16. Somebody should do something about this problem.

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

17. Neither answer is completely correct; both have some correct components.

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

18. Many of their friends like summer weather; only two of them prefer winter.

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

19. My relatives often stay with me when they are in the city. Few book hotel rooms for themselves.

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

20. Those are John’s books; whose books are these?

Noun Demonstrative Pronoun Indefinite Pronoun Interrogative Pronoun Possessive Pronoun Relative Pronoun

Answer Key

Adjectives

1. Few teenagers in the audience liked the band’s music.

Answer – Few – indefinite

Answer – band’s – noun

2. Those pictures were taken at Ken’s wedding.

Answer –  Those – demonstrative

Answer – Ken’s – noun

3. This desk was actually an old kitchen table.

Answer –    This – demonstrative

Answer – kitchen – noun

4. Our boys will travel with their cousins.

Answer – Ours – possessive

Answer – their – possessive

5. Both children are important to us.

Answer –     Both – indefinite

6. Which of these cars is your mother’s?

Answer – Which – interrogative

Answer – these – demonstrative

Answer – mother’s – noun

7. Anyone could slip through that garage door.

Answer –     Anyone – indefinite

Answer – that – demonstrative

Answer – garage – noun

8. Their cat lost some of its fur in a fight.

Answer –  Their – possessive

Answer – its – possessive

9. Whose boat trailer did you borrow?

Answer –    Whose – interrogative

Answer – boat – noun

10. If that tennis racket is yours, which one is hers?

Answer – that – demonstrative

Answer – tennis – noun

Answer – yours – possessive

Answer – Which – interrogative

Answer – hers – possessive

11. They will have to solve many problem situations for themselves.

Answer – many – indefinite

Answer – problem – noun

12. One of the men who lost his job is Bill’s brother.

Answer –  his – possessive

Answer – Bill’s – noun

13. American musicians were honored at that concert last night.

Answer – American – noun

Answer – that – demonstrative

14. Those picture frames belong to me. Which are his?

Answer –    Those – demonstrative

Answer – Which – interrogative

Answer – his – possessive

15. Someone’s pen is on my desk. Mine is in my pocket.

Answer – Someone’s – indefinite

Answer – my – possessive

Answer – my – possessive

16. Somebody should do something about this problem.

Answer –     Somebody – indefinite

Answer – something – indefinite

Answer – this – demonstrative

17. Neither answer is completely correct; both have some correct components.

Answer –  Neither – indefinite

Answer – some – indefinite

18. Many of their friends like summer weather; only two of them prefer winter.

Answer – Many – indefinite

Answer – their – possessive

19. My relatives often stay with me when they are in the city. Few book hotel rooms for themselves.

Answer –    My – possessive

Answer – Few – indefinite

Answer – hotel – noun

20. Those are John’s books; whose books are these?

Answer –     Those – demonstrative

Answer – John’s – noun

Answer – Whose – interrogative

Answer – these – demonstrative