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Arts & Letters Daily

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Adverbs

     Dr. Otto
In the Tutorial on Adjectives, we discovered that they DESCRIBE something – NOUNS. Now we are going to look at another group of words which describe something. Most of the words in this group are actually formed from adjectives! But, watch for the important differences between these two groups of words.
YouTube Tutorial – click – INTRODUCTION /OR/ APPLICATION
Text for Tutorial on Application  – click HERE.
Notes – scroll down to Notes
Assignment – scroll down to Assignment
Answer Key – scroll down to Answer Key
Practice oral English – click HERE
ASK DR. OTTO – click HERE

Notes

 

Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. Adverbs usually answer the questions when, where, how, in what manner, or to what extent or degree.

Rule 1: Most adverbs are formed from adjectives but are spelled by adding ‘ly’ to the adjective.

  • The serious business of medicine is not for me. (‘Serious’ is an adjective modifying the noun ‘medicine’.)
  • I worked seriously on the project. (‘Seriously’ is an adverb modifying’ the verb ‘worked’. ‘Seriously’ explains how the work was done.)

 

Rule 2: Some regular adverbs do not end in ‘ly’ but answer the questions when, where, how, in what manner, or to what extent.

  • How fast were you driving? (‘Fast’ is an adverb answering the question ‘how’. It modifies the verb ‘were driving’.)
  • The music sounds best from a distance. (‘Best’ is an adverb answering the question ‘to what extent’. It modifies the verb ’sounds’.)
  • Please set up the table now. (Now’ is an adverb answering the question ‘when’.)
  • Place the table over there. (‘There’ is an adverb answering the question ‘where’.)

 

Rule 3: Adverbs modify verbs

  • Jane only eats vegetables. (The adverb ‘only’ modifies the verb ‘eats’)

Rule 4: Adverbs modify adverbs

  • He almost always comes late. (The adverb ‘almost’ modifies the adverb ‘always’.)

Rule 5: Adverbs modify adjectives

Adverbs usually answer the questions when, where, how, in what manner, or to what extent or degree.

Sentence Question Adverb
There is scarcely any food in the market. How much food is in the market? Scarcely – answers the question ‘how much’.
John plays tennis aggressively. How does John play tennis? aggressively – answers the question ‘How’.
Mother called the police immediately. When did Mother call the police? immediately – answers the question ‘When’.

Chart: Adverbs

 

Assignment

Answer each question by underlining the correct answer in each column.

1. Do you catch the baseball correctly?

Adverbs                     Word modified

you                              you

catch                           catch

baseball                       baseball

correctly                      correctly

2. Sally drew a perfectly round circle.

Adverbs                     Word modified

Sally                            Sally

drew                            drew

perfectly                      perfectly

round                           round

circle                           circle

3. John plays the piano badly.

Adverbs                     Word modified

John                            John

plays                            plays

piano                           piano

badly                           badly

4. My sister will come immediately.

Adverbs                     Word modified

sister                            sister

will come                     will come

immediately                immediately

5. Kevin drove to the lake yesterday.

Adverbs                     Word modified

Kevin                           Kevin

drove                           drove

lake                             lake

yesterday                    yesterday

6. We will eat dinner early.

Adverbs                     Word modified

we                               we

will eat                         will eat

dinner                          dinner

early                            early

7.  Janet, please come here.

Adverbs                     Word modified

Janet                           Janet

please                          please

come                           come

here                             here

8. There is scarcely any gas in the tank.

Adverbs                     Word modified

is                                  is

scarcely                      scarcely

any                              any

gas                              gas

tank                             tank

9. A plane flew overhead.

Adverbs                     Word modified

plane                           plane

flew                             flew

overhead                     overhead

10.  Sit quietly and listen to the music.

Adverbs                     Word modified

sit                                 sit

quietly                          quietly

listen                            listen

music                          music

11.  Bill cut his foot badly.

Adverbs                     Word modified

BILL                             Bill

cut                               cut

his                                his

foot                              foot

badly                           badly

12.  There are always some coins in the piggy bank.

Adverbs                     Word modified

are                               are

always                         always

some                           some

coins                            coins

13.  They rode their bikes around for hours.

Adverbs                     Word modified

they                             they

rode                             rode

bikes                            bikes

around                         around

hours                           hours

14.  Mary spoke clearly at the meeting.

Adverbs                     Word modified

Mary                            Mary

spoke                          spoke

clearly                                     clearly

meeting                       meeting

15.  Anne only writes when she needs money.

Adverbs                     Word modified

Ann                              Ann

only                             only

writes                           writes

needs                          needs

money                         money

16.  Joe just runs in the morning.

Adverbs                     Word modified

Joe                              Joe

just                               just

runs                             runs

morning                       morning

17.  Can we talk privately?

Adverbs                     Word modified

can talk                       can talk

we                               we

privately                      privately

18.  Slowly, he opened his eyes.

Adverbs                     Word modified

slowly                          slowly

he                                he

opened                        opened

eyes                            eyes

19.  My neighbours also wanted to go to the concert.

Adverbs                     Word modified

neighbours                  neighbours

also                              also

wanted                        wanted

go                                go

concert                        concert

20.  Kevin was already in bed when I arrived.

Adverbs                     Word modified

Kevin                           Kevin

was                              was

already                        already

bed                              bed

arrived                         arrived

Answer Key

1.      Do you catch the baseball correctly?

Answer:  correctly – adverb; Catch – verb modified

2.      Sally drew a perfectly round circle.

Answer: Perfectly – adverb; Round – adjective modified

3.      John plays the piano badly.

Answer: Badly  – adverb; plays – verb modified

4.       My sister will come immediately.

Answer: immediately – adverb; Will come – verb modified

5.       Kevin drove to the lake yesterday.

Answer : Yesterday – adverb; Drove – verb modified

6.       We will eat dinner early.

Answer: Early – adverb; Will eat – verb modified

7.       Janet, please come here.

Answer: Here – adverb; Come – verb modified

8.       There is scarcely any gas in the tank.

Answer: scarcely– adverb; any – adjective modified

9.       A plane flew overhead.

Answer: overhead – adverb; Flew – verb modified

10.   Sit quietly and listen to the music.

Answer: Quietly – adverb; Sit – verb modified

11.   Bill cut his foot badly.

Answer: Badly – adverb; Cut – verb modified

12.   There are always some coins in the piggy bank.

Answer: always – adverb – some –  adjective modified

13.   They rode their bikes around for hours.

Answer: Around – adverb; Rode – verb modified;

14.   Mary spoke clearly at the meeting.

Answer: Clearly – adverb; Spoke – verb modified;

15.   Anne only writes when she needs money.

Answer: Only – adverb; Writes – verb modified;

16.   Joe just runs in the morning.

Answer: Just – adverb; Runs – verb modified

17.   Can we talk privately?

Answer: Talk – Privately – adverb; verb modified

18.   Slowly, he opened his eyes.

Answer: slowly – adverb; opened – verb modified

19.   My neighbours also wanted to go to the concert.

Answer: Also – adverb; Wanted – verb modified

20.   Kevin was already in bed when I arrived.

Answer: Already – adverb; Was – verb modified