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Arts & Letters Daily

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Adverbs - Level III

Adverbs

Notes

Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives and adverbs. They usually answer the questions when, where, where, how, in what manner or to what extent.

Adverbs formed from adjectives
Most adverbs are formed from adjectives but are spelled by adding ‘ly’ to the adjective form.
Example: The serious business of finance is not for me. (‘Serious’ is an adjective modifying the noun ‘business’.)

I take the business of finance very seriously. (‘Seriously’ is an adverb modifying the verb ‘take’.)

Adverbs not derived from other parts of speech.
Many familiar adverbs that indicate time, place, condition, cause or degree are not derived from other parts of speech. They include: also, maybe, never, now, often, then, there, very
Examples: Please set up the table now. (The adverb ‘now’ tells when to set up the table.)

Interrogative Adverbs: how, why, where, when

Interrogative adverbs, often placed at the beginning of sentences, are used to ask questions. They also modify a word in the sentence.
Example: How many books have you bought? (The interrogative adverb ‘how’ asks the question and modifies the adjective ‘many’.)

Adverbs: ‘yes’, ‘no’ and ‘not’
‘Yes’ and ‘no’ are used independently, that is, they do not have a modifying function. They are set apart with a comma.
The adverb ‘not’ is never used as part of a verb although it often comes between parts of a verb phrase. The adverb ‘not’ makes the verb express the exact opposite to its regular meaning.
Example: Yes, I shall attend the reception. (‘Yes’ is set apart with a comma.)

Nouns used as adverbs
Nouns that express time, size, place, measurement, degree or number are often used as adverbs. These nouns retain the characteristics of nouns, that is, they can be modified by adjectives.
Example: I am going home. (‘Home’ is a noun used as an adverb to indicate place.)

Adverbs derived from prepositions

Example: I travel around. (The adverb ’around’ tells ‘where’ I travel.)

Conjunctive Adverbs
Conjunctive adverbs join and relate independent clauses. Following is a list of commonly used conjunctive adverbs.

accordingly furthermore meanwhile similarly
also hence moreover still
anyway however nevertheless then
besides incidentally next thereafter
certainly indeed nonetheless therefore
consequently thus instead now
finally likewise otherwise undoubtedly

Example: Today more homeowners want to enjoy carefree living yet still own property. Therefore, they are purchasing condominiums. Incidentally, that is what my husband and I did. (‘Therefore’ is a conjunctive adverb joining two related independent sentences.) (‘Incidentally’ is a conjunctive adverb joining two related independent sentences.)

Assignment

Find the adverbs and write them in the correct column.

1. When will you be coming home?

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

2. Fred will arrive Wednesday sometime in the evening. I will let you know the exact time when I get the information from the airline.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

3. Where did Mary put her coat when she arrived early for the party?

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

4. Though mother is elderly, she still travels around the city.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

5. Never again will we witness such a glorious sight.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

6. It seems so long ago that we met here for the first time.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

7. John swims much faster than I do now that I have discontinued my training.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicate Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

8. Ken woke up early. Consequently, he is tired.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

9. The programmers worked on the project yesterday; finally, they finished it.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

10. No, they are not going to Florida for their vacation next winter.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

11. Maybe Janet and John have never been there before.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

12. Do not talk so loudly in the nursery.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

13. They had just come down from the tower before we arrived.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

14. We are going south for the winter. Undoubtedly, our luggage will weigh more than 30 pounds.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

15. Our teenagers rarely ever come home on time.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

16. When does the plane leave? I just need another few minutes to pack.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

17. Mr. Jones was not yet mayor when he spoke out about inner city renewal.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

18. Almost 14 stories high, some roller coasters hurtle along at speeds of no less than a 100 miles an hour.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

19. On a new roller coaster in Ohio, riders are suspended below and beside the track.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

20. Riders on the latest metal roller coaster blast out of the station up and down a U-shaped track with 450-degree turns at speeds of 80 miles per hour.

Adjective as Adverb Conjunctive Adverb Indicative Condition Interrogative Adverb Noun as Adverb Positive and Negative Preposition as Adverb

Answer Key

Answer Key

Adverb

1. When will you be coming home?

Answer – When – interrogative adverb

Answer – home – noun as adverb

2. Fred will arrive Wednesday sometime in the evening. I will let you know the exact time when I get the information from the airline.

Answer –  Wednesday – noun as adverb

Answer – sometime – indicate condition

3. Where did Mary put her coat when she arrived early for the party?

Answer –    Where – interrogative adverb

Answer – early – indicate condition

4. Though mother is elderly, she still travels around the city.

Answer – still – indicate condition

Answer – around – preposition as adverb

5. Never again will we witness such a glorious sight.

Answer –     Never – positive and negative

Answer – again – indicate condition

6. It seems so long ago that we met here for the first time.

Answer – so – indicate condition

Answer – ago – indicate condition

Answer – here – indicate condition

7. John swims much faster than I do now that I have discontinued my training.

Answer –     much – indicate condition

Answer – faster – adjective as adverb

Answer – now – indicate condition

8. Ken woke up early. Consequently, he is tired.

Answer –  up – preposition as adverb

Answer – early – indicate condition

Answer – Consequently – conjunctive adverb

9. The programmers worked on the project yesterday; finally, they finished it.

Answer –    yesterday – noun as adverb

Answer – finally – conjunctive adverb

10. No, they are not going to Florida for their vacation next winter.

Answer – No – positive and negative

Answer – not – positive and negative

11. Maybe Janet and John have never been there before.

Answer – maybe – indicate condition

Answer – never – indicate condition

Answer – there – indicate condition

Answer – before – indicate condition

12. Do not talk so loudly in the nursery.

Answer –  not – positive and negative

Answer – so – indicate condition

Answer – loudly – adjective as adverb

13. They had just come down from the tower before we arrived.

Answer – just – indicate condition

Answer – down – indicate condition

14. We are going south for the winter. Undoubtedly, our luggage will weigh more than 30 pounds.

Answer –    south – noun as adverb

Answer – Undoubtedly – conjunctive adverb

Answer – more – indicate condition

15. Our teenagers rarely ever come home on time.

Answer – rarely – adjective as adverb

Answer – ever- indicate condition

Answer – home – noun as adverb

16. When does the plane leave? I just need another few minutes to pack.

Answer –     When – interrogative adverb

Answer – just – indicate condition

17. Mr. Jones was not yet mayor when he spoke out about inner city renewal.

Answer –  not – positive and negative

Answer – yet – indicate condition

Answer – out – preposition as adverb

18. Almost 14 stories high, some roller coasters hurtle along at speeds of no less than a 100 miles an hour.

Answer – Almost – indicate condition

Answer – alongside – indicate condition

Answer – no – positive and negative

19. On a new roller coaster in Ohio, riders are suspended below and beside the track.

Answer –    beside – indicate condition

Answer – below – indicate condition

20. Riders on the latest metal roller coaster blast out of the station up and down a U-shaped track with 450-degree turns at speeds of 80 miles per hour.

Answer –     out – indicate condition

Answer – up – indicate condition

Answer – down – indicate condition