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Conjunctions: Compound and Complex Sentences - Level III

Compound and Complex Sentences: Conjunctions

Notes Coordinating conjunctions connecting independent clauses

and

or

but

nor

for

so

yet

Correlative Conjunctions connecting independent clauses

both … and either … or neither … nor
not only … but also whether … or just as … so

Conjunctive Adverbs connecting independent clauses

accordingly furthermore meanwhile similarly
also hence moreover still
anyway however nevertheless then
besides incidentally next thereafter
certainly indeed nonetheless therefore
consequently instead now thus
finally likewise otherwise undoubtedly


Subordinating conjunctions introducing adverb clauses.

after although as as if as though
because before even though though if
in order that now that once rather than since
so that that though unless until
when whenever where wherever while

Subordinating conjunctions introducing noun clauses

whether when where why how


Relative pronouns introducing adjective clauses.

that what whatever which
who (whom, whose) whoever (whomever)

Relative pronouns introducing noun clauses

that what whatever which
who (whom, whose) whoever (whomever)

Assignment

Identify the conjunctions and enter them in the appropriate columns.

1. When it rains, it is cold in the house.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

2. The rebels overthrew the government, but poverty remained.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

3. As the car hit a bump, it lost its muffler.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

4. Either he left his books at school or he left them in his room at home.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

5. Take care of your customers and they will come back.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

6. The Gulf Stream, which brings warm surface water north and east, warms Europe.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

7. The engineers worked hard on the Project; yet they could not complete it on schedule.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

8. As the water from the Gulf Stream moves north, it evaporates and becomes saltier and denser.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

9. When water from the Gulf Stream reaches the equator, warm fresh water from streams and rivers dilutes the salt and warms the water.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

10. The year 2001 was unpredictable, but will 2002 be more predictable?

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

11. Pilots, who fly airplanes and helicopters to carry out a wide variety of tasks, are highly trained professionals.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

12. You can declare your major area of study now or you can wait until the next school year.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

13. The Captain, who is in command, supervises all crewmembers.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

14. His clothes were somewhat worn and he suffered from malnutrition.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

15. Pilots choose a route, altitude, and speed that will provide the fastest, safest, and smoothest flight.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

16. Unfortunately, their favorite movie was not available, so the children had fun playing games.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

17. Unless the weather is bad, the actual flight is relatively easy.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

18. Takeoff and landing are the most difficult parts of the flight and they require close coordination between the pilot and first officer.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

19. What you see is what you get.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

20. Our Company, which offers third party management and consulting solutions, delivers the services to manufacturers in every country.

Coordinating C. Subordinating C. Correlative C. Relative Pronoun

Answer Key

Compound and Complex Sentences – Conjunctions

1. When it rains, it is cold in the house.

Answer – Complex: Subordinating

2. The rebels overthrew the government, but poverty remained.

Answer – Compound: Coordinating

3. As the car hit a bump, it lost its muffler.

Answer – Complex: Subordinating

4. Either he left his books at school or he left them in his room at home.

Answer – Compound: Correlative

5. Take care of your customers and they will come back.

Answer – Compound: Coordinating

6. The Gulf Stream, which brings warm surface water north and east, warms Europe.

Answer – Complex: Relative pronoun

7. The engineers worked hard on the Project; yet they could not complete it on schedule.

Answer – Compound: Coordinating

8. As the water from the Gulf Stream moves north, it evaporates and becomes saltier and denser.

Answer – Complex: Subordinating

9. When water from the Gulf Stream reaches the equator, warm fresh water from streams and rivers dilutes the salt and warms the water.

Answer – Complex: Subordinating

10. The year 2001 was unpredictable, but will 2002 be more predictable?

Answer – Compound: Coordinating

11. Pilots who fly airplanes and helicopters to carry out a wide variety of tasks are highly trained professionals.

Answer – Complex: Relative pronoun

12. You can declare your major area of study now or you can wait until the next school year.

Answer – Compound: Coordinating

13. The Captain, who is in command, supervises all crewmembers.

Answer – Complex: Relative pronoun

14. His clothes were somewhat worn and he suffered from malnutrition.

Answer – Compound: Coordinating

15. Pilots choose a route, altitude, and speed that will provide the fastest, safest, and smoothest flight.

Answer – Relative pronoun

16. Unfortunately, their favorite movie was not available, so the children had fun playing games.

Answer – Compound: Coordinating

17. Unless the weather is bad, the actual flight is relatively easy.

Answer – Complex: Subordinating

18. Takeoff and landing are the most difficult parts of the flight and they require close coordination between the pilot and first officer.

Answer – Compound: Coordinating

19. What you see is what you get.

Answer – Complex: Relative pronoun

20. Our Company, which offers third party management and consulting solutions, delivers the services to manufacturers in every country.

Answer – Complex: Relative pronoun