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Arts & Letters Daily

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Mood - Level III

Mood: indicative, imparative and subjunctive

Notes

Indicative Mood
The indicative mood is used to state a fact, express an opinion or ask a question. Verbs used in the indicative mood may include forms of ‘do’ for emphasis.
Example: The Olympic Games were first held in 776 BC at Olympia in Ancient Greece. (This sentence states a fact.)
Example: The Olympic Games serve to promote excellence and sportsmanship. (This sentence expresses an opinion.)
Example: Where will the Olympic Games be held next? (This sentence asks a question.)
Example: I do feel strongly about your decision. (The verb ‘do’ is used for emphasis.)
Example: John does take his work seriously. (The third person singular form ‘does’ of the verb ‘do’ is used for emphasis.)

Imperative Mood
The imperative mood is used to give a command or make a direct request.
Examples: Use a word processor to write your report. (This sentence is a command. ‘You’ is understood as the subject.)
Example: Let’s meet for dinner tonight. (This sentence is a request. ‘Let’s’ includes the writer or speaker.)

Subjunctive Mood
The subjunctive mood is used to make a wish, state a condition, including impossible conditions. A conditional statement begins with a dependent ‘if’ clause that presents a condition and concludes with an independent clause that presents the effect of the condition. A wish is a condition that does not exist. It should be expressed in the subjunctive mood.
Example: If it were Saturday tomorrow, I would not have to go to work. (This sentence begins with an ‘if’ clause. Since it is not possible for the wish or condition to come true, it is in the subjunctive mood.)
The indicative mood has almost replaced the subjunctive mood because it is too formal in most situations.
Example: Our supervisor insisted that everyone show up on time. (This sentence states a condition but is in the indicative mood.)

Assignment

Select the mood for each sentence.

1. Never give up.

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

2. The Task Force Report on Urban Transportation suggested that the city offer incentives to encourage commuters to use public transit.

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive
  1. Jane’s determination enabled her to succeed in college.
Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

4.  I wish I were more organized.

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive
  1. Please return my pencil.
Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

6. If you come to class early, I will help you with your math.

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

7. Although the exam was unusually difficult, I still received an A.

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

8. May I read your book titled “The Long Boom”?

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

9. The captain of our team insisted that everyone show up on time for practice.

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

10. “When you come to visit us,” said my aunt,” bring your children.”

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

11. During the exam period, I couldn’t get access to a computer with the appropriate software.

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

12. If I had known about your mother’s illness, I would not have asked you to come in for the night shift.

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

13. How can we solve the problems of the future?

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

14. Send me a copy of your published article on recent trends in wireless communication.

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

15. Many social opportunities such as sports, music and dance are available on most American college campuses.

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

16. You must read the book “MEGATRENDS ASIA” which was written by John Naisbitt the world’s leading trend forecaster.

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

17. If the Chinese player had known that the Korean soccer player was injured in the collision, the Chinese player would have acted differently.

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

18. Have you seen the movie, “A Man for All Seasons”?

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

19. The University would have kept the library open till midnight if the Chief Librarian had known about the Student Council recommendation.

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

20. If the final game is interrupted by rain, the Club must reschedule it.

Mood Check the correct mood
Indicative
Imperative
Subjunctive

Answer Key

Mood

1. Never give up.

Answer: imperative

2. The Task Force Report on Urban Transportation suggested that the city offer incentives to encourage commuters to use public transit.

Answer: Indicative

3. Jane’s determination enabled her to succeed in college.

Answer: Indicative

4. I wish I were more organized.

Answer: subjunctive

5. Please return my pencil.

Answer: imperative

6. If you come to class early, I will help you with your math.

Answer: Indicative

7. Although the exam was unusually difficult, I still received an A.

Answer: indicative

8. May I read your book titled “The Long Boom”?

Answer: indicative

9. The captain of our team insisted that everyone show up on time for practice.

Answer: indicative

10. “When you come to visit us,” said my aunt,” bring your children.”

Answer: Imperative

11. During the exam period, I couldn’t get access to a computer with the appropriate software.

Answer: indicative

12. If I had known about your mother’s illness, I would not have asked you to come in for the night shift.

Answer: subjunctive

13. How can we solve the problems of the future?

Answer: indicative

14. Send me a copy of your published article on recent trends in wireless communication.

Answer: imperative

15. Many social opportunities such as sports, music and dance are available on most American college campuses.

Answer: indicative

16. You must read the book “MEGATRENDS ASIA” which was written by John Naisbitt the world’s leading trend forecaster.

Answer: imperative

17. If the Chinese player had known that the Korean soccer player was injured in the collision, the Chinese player would have acted differently.

Answer: subjunctive

18. Have you seen the movie, “A Man for All Seasons”?

Answer: indicative

19. The University would have kept the library open till midnight if the Chief Librarian had known about the Student Council recommendation.

Answer: subjunctive

20. If the final game is interrupted by rain, the Club must reschedule it.

Answer: indicative