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Arts & Letters Daily

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Pronouns

    Dr. Otto
Pronouns are simple words which we use in our conversations every day. Yet, there are so many rules applying to the correct use of pronouns. It’s hard to get it right every time.
YouTube Tutorial – click on INTRODUCTION /OR/ APPLICATION
Text for Tutorial on APPLICATION  – click HERE
Notes – scroll down to Notes
Assignment – scroll down to Assignment
Answer Key – scroll down to Answer Key
Practice oral English – click HERE
ASK DR. OTTO – click HERE

Notes

 

Personal pronouns refer directly to people or things. There are different personal pronouns for first person, second person and third person.

First person personal pronouns refer to singular and plural male or female gender.

  • Singular – I, my, me, mine, myself
  • Plural – we, our, us, ours, ourselves

Example:  I am going home now. (‘I’ is first person and refers to male or female gender. It refers to the person speaking.)

Second person personal pronouns refer to singular and plural male or female gender.

  • Singular – you, your, yours, yourself
  • Plural – you, your, yours, yourselves

Example: You may come with me. (‘You’ is second person male or female gender. It refers to the person spoken to. ‘Me’ is first person male or female. It refers to the person speaking.)

Third person personal pronouns for male, female and neuter:

  • Third person singular male pronouns: he, him, his, himself
  • Third person singular female pronouns: she, her, hers, herself
  • Third person singular neuter pronouns: it, its, itself
  • Third person plural male and female pronouns: they, them, themselves, their
  • Third person plural neuter pronouns: they, them, themselves, their

Examples: He is at the store. (‘He’ is third person and refers the male gender.)

Example: The book on the table is mine. It is a text for my English class. (‘Mine’ is first person male or female. (‘It’ is third person neuter gender – thing spoken about.)

Gender – refers to the classification of pronouns according to sex.

  • masculine refers to the male sex: he, his, him, himself
  • feminine refers to the female sex: she, her, hers, herself
  • neuter refers to the absence of sex as in objects and ideas: it, its, itself

Assignment

 

Identify the gender of the pronouns underlined in each sentence by underlining the correct answer in the list below the sentence.

  1. She is my sister’s friend.

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

2. They went to the beach for their holiday.

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

3. Will you come with me to the store?

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

4. It is raining today.

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

5. Did you give them the key?

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

6. Peter took the book and opened it.

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

7. They say he is very clever.

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

8. His dog is in your back yard.

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

9. Will they travel to the lake with us?

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

10.  The new car belongs to him.

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

11.  My family and I live in the city.

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

12.  Is Janet your sister? She looks like you.

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

13.  Send us a card so we know where you are.

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

14.  Our daughter is visiting her grandparents.

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

15.  Can you show me how to play tennis?

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

16.  Her friends are doing their homework.

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

17.  My friends are coming to see me.

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

18.  You play the flute very well.

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

19.  Where are your brother and his friend?

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

20.  Their roof was damaged in the storm. It needs to be repaired.

Male                            Female

Male/female                Neuter

Answer Key

Personal Pronouns

1. She is my sister’s friend.

Answer  she –  female

2.  They went to the beach for their holiday.

Answer: they – male/female

3. Will you come with me to the store?

Answer: you – male/female

4. It is raining today.

Answer: it – neuter

5.  Did you give them the key?

Answer:  them – male/female

6.  Peter took the book and opened it.

Answer:  it –  neuter

7. They say he is very clever.

Answer: he – male

8. His dog is in your back yard.

Answer: his – male

9.  Will they travel to the lake with us?

Answer: us – male/female

10.  The new car belongs to him.

Answer: him –  male

11. My family and I live in the city.

Answer: I – male/female

12.  Is Janet your sister? She looks like you.

Answer: she –  female

13. Send us a card so we know where you are.

Answer: we – male/female

14. Our daughter is visiting her grandparents.

Answer: her – female

15. Can you show me how to play tennis?

Answer: you – male/female

16. Her friends are doing their homework.

Answer: her –  female

17. My friends are coming to see me.

Answer: my –  male/female

18. You play the flute very well.

Answer:  you  – male/female

19. Where are your brother and his friend?

Answer: his –  male

20. Their roof was damaged in the storm. It needs to be repaired.

Answer: It – neuter