buy levitra

Polls

What is most useful to you? You may select more than one answer.

View Results

Loading ... Loading ...

Arts & Letters Daily

QuickBooks

Pronouns and Antecedents

    Dr. Otto
In this Tutorial we discover what pronouns do. As in the other Lessons on pronouns, I will stick with personal pronouns. In fact, I will stay with one kind of personal pronouns … pronouns used as the subject of a sentence.
So, what do pronouns do?
YouTube Tutorial – click on INTRODUCTION /OR/ APPLICATION
Text for Tutorial on APPLICATION  – click HERE
Notes – scroll down to Notes
Assignment – scroll down to Assignment
Answer Key – scroll down to Answer Key
Practice oral English – click HERE
ASK DR. OTTO – click HERE

Notes

 

Pronouns stand for nouns that name persons, places, things, ideas, actions or qualities. Almost all pronouns refer to nouns. These nouns are called antecedents.

Example: John is an excellent student. He won several awards. (‘He’ is a pronoun that refers to the proper noun ‘John’ which is the antecedent.
Example: John cut himself with that sharp knife. It cut deep. (‘himself’ is a pronoun that refers to the proper noun ‘John’ and ‘It’ is a pronoun that refers to the noun ‘knife’.)
Example: Janet and my sister are best friends. They spend a lot of time together. (The pronoun ‘my’ does not require an antecedent, the pronoun ’they’ refers to ‘Janet and my sister’ which are the antecedents.)

When the meaning of the pronoun is clearly understood, no antecedent is required. Hence, first and second personal pronouns (I, my, me, mine, we our, ours, you, your, yours) do not require antecedents.

Example: I enjoyed vacationing at the seashore with my family. (No antecedent required for the pronouns ‘i’ and ‘my’.)

Example: You should protect your eyes from direct sunlight. (No antecedent required for the pronouns ‘you’ and ‘your’.)

Assignment

 

List the pronouns in the first column and their antecedents in the second column.

1.     Scientists often share their data with each other.

Pronoun Antecedent

2.     Jane said, “I drink my coffee black. That is how I prefer it.”

Pronoun Antecedent

3.     The professor presented her research.

Pronoun Antecedent

4.     Tomorrow will bring its pleasures.

Pronoun Antecedent

5.     Jack made the kite himself.

Pronoun Antecedent

6.     My friend and I enjoy hockey.

Pronoun Antecedent

7.     My students attended graduation. They also stayed for the banquet.

Pronoun Antecedent

8.     John is a well known athlete. He has won several awards.

Pronoun Antecedent

9.     Sally is not herself today because she received bad news from her mother.

Pronoun Antecedent

10.  Students may have their money refunded.

Pronoun Antecedent

11.  I read a book about animals. It was an interesting read.

Pronoun Antecedent

12.  John is at his parents’ house. He was watching television with them when I called him.

Pronoun Antecedent

13.  Peter and I were the only ones to work on the special committee.

Pronoun Antecedent

14.  Jim took Bill’s books but he did not confess to taking them.

Pronoun Antecedent

15.  My brothers recently bought laptop computers. I want to know what they like about them.

Pronoun Antecedent

16.  Television has become important in the lives of children. They are strongly influenced by it.

Pronoun Antecedent

17.  Everybody watches television. They watch all kinds of programs.

Pronoun Antecedent

18.  Doctors have more patients in their waiting rooms today than they had in the past.

Pronoun Antecedent

19.  My husband has an extended family. He has four siblings.

Pronoun Antecedent

20.  My family is small. I have two brothers.

Pronoun Antecedent

Answer Key

Pronouns & Antecedent

1, Scientists often share their data with each other.

Answer: Pronoun                 Antecedent

their –                      Scientists

each other             Scientists

2, Jane said, “I drink my coffee black. That is how I prefer it.”

Answer: I                                Jane

my                          Jane

I                               Jane

it                              coffee

3, The professor presented her research.

Answer; Her                          professor

4, Tomorrow will bring its pleasures.

Answer: Its                            Tomorrow

5, Jack made the kite himself.

Answer: Himself                  Jack

6, My friend and I enjoy hockey.

Answer: My                           no antecedent

I                               no antecedent

7, My students attended graduation. They also stayed for the banquet.

Answer: My – no antecedent

They                       students

8, John is a well known athlete. He has won several awards.

Answer: he                            John

9, Sally is not herself today because she received bad news from her mother.

Answer: herself                     Sally

she                         Sally

her                          Sally

10, Students may have their money refunded.

Answer: their                        students

11, I read a book about animals. It was an interesting read.

Answer: I                               no antecedent

It                              book

12, John is at his parents’ house. He was watching television with them when I called him.

Answer: his                           John

He                           John

them                       parents

I                               no antecedent

him                         Jack

13, Peter and I were the only ones to work on the special committee.

Answer: I                               no antecedent

14, Jim took Bill’s books but he did not confess to taking them.

Answer: he                            Jim

them                       books

15, My brothers recently bought laptop computers. I want to know what they like about them.

Answer: My                           no antecedent

I                               no antecedent

they                        brothers

them                       computers

16, Television has become important in the lives of children. They are strongly influenced by it.

Answer: They                       children

It                              television

17, Everybody watches television. They watch all kinds of programs.

Answer: Everybody             no antecedent

They – everybody

18, Doctors have more patients in their waiting rooms than they had in the past.

Answer: their                        doctors

they                        doctors

19, My husband has an extended family. He has four siblings.

Answer: My                           no antecedent

He                           husband

20, My family is small. I have two brothers.

Answer: My                           no antecedent

I                               no antecedent