buy levitra

Polls

What is most useful to you? You may select more than one answer.

View Results

Loading ... Loading ...

Arts & Letters Daily

QuickBooks

Sentences

 Dr. Otto

Today we are going to look at one of the most basic building blocks for talking and writing … the SENTENCE. Let me explain by telling a story about Billy.
YouTube Tutorial- click on INTRODUCTION /OR/ APPLICATION.
Text for Tutorial – click HERE.
Notes – scroll down to Notes
Assignment – scroll down to Assignment
Answer Key – scroll down to Answer Key
Practice oral English – click HERE
ASK DR. OTTO – click HERE

Notes

We use sentences to express complete thoughts. There are several kinds of sentences. First, there is the basic sentence called ‘Simple Sentence’. It has a subject and a predicate and expresses a complete thought. It also is the basis for all sentences. For example, in the sentence, ‘Bill played baseball.’, the subject is ‘Bill’. The predicate is ‘played baseball’.

Simple sentences can be written in four different patterns:

• subject verb – Children climb. (subject – Children; verb – climb)\

• subject verb object – Bill hit the ball. (subject – Bill; verb – hit; object – ball)

• subject verb predicate noun – Jane is a musician. (subject – Jane; verb – is; predicate noun – musician)

• subject verb predicate adjective – That picture is old. (subject – picture; verb – is; predicate adjective – old).

Simple Sentence

The simple sentence represents the basic form of the sentence. It has a subject and a

predicate and expresses a complete thought.

1. Subject

The subject tells what a sentence is about. It is a noun or a pronoun.

Example: Bill played baseball. (Subject – Bill)

Example: He is a good player. (Subject – He)

2. Predicate

The predicate states the action or state of being of the subject. It always includes a verb and may include other words.

Example: Bill played baseball. (Subject – Bill; predicate: played baseball.)

3. Verb. The basic sentence consists of a subject and a verb.

Example:

Children climb. (Subject – children; Verb – climb)

4. Verb with an Object. When the verb is active, it may be followed by an object, which receives the action.

Example:

Bill hit the ball. (Subject – Bill; Verb – hit; Object – ball)

5. A linking verb: It is followed by a predicate noun or pronoun.

Example:

Jane is a famous musician. (Subject – Jane; Verb – is; Predicate noun – musician)

6. Verb and Predicate Adjective: When a verb serves as a linking verb, it may be

followed by a predicate adjective. The predicate adjective modifies the subject.

Example:

That picture is very old. (Subject – picture; Verb – is; Predicate adjective – old)

Sentence Pattern Chart (for the sentences above)

Subject Verb Object Predicate Noun/Pronoun Predicate Adjective Sentence

Assignment

Read each sentence and underline the correct sentence pattern.

1. Seals swim fast.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

2. Mother cleans the house.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

3. The boys are tired.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

4. Dolphins dive.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

5. Walruses have long tusks.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

6. Many birds fly south.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

7. John is a pianist.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

8. Bill hit the ball far.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

9. Anne enjoyed the movie.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

10. The electrician wires homes.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

11. Mother is unhappy.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

12. The driver reported the accident.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

13. Don’t blame me.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Pronoun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

14. Kevin is very successful.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

15. Humans laugh.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

16. I trust you.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Pronoun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

17. They discuss politics.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

18. The waitress is a friend of mine.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

19. The child screamed.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

20. Janet is a teacher.

• Subject – Verb

• Subject – Verb – Object

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun

• Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

Answer Key

Simple Sentences

1.    Seals swim fast.

Answer – Subject – Verb

2.    Mother cleans the house.

Answer- Subject – Verb – Object

3.    The boys are tired.

Answer: – Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

4.    Dolphins dive.

Answer – Subject – Verb

5.    Walruses have long tusks.

Answer – Subject – Verb – Object

6.    Many birds fly south.

Answer – Subject – Verb – Object

7.    John is a pianist.

Answer – Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun/Pronoun

8.    Bill hit the ball far.

Answer – Subject – Verb – Object

9.    Anne enjoyed the movie.

Answer – Subject – Verb – Object

10.   The electrician wires homes.

Answer – Subject – Verb – Object

11.   Mother is unhappy.

Answer – Subject – Verb – Predicate Adjective

12.   The driver reported the accident.

Answer – Subject – Verb – Object

13.   Don’t blame me.

Answer – Subject – Verb – Object

14.   Kevin is very successful.

Answer – Subject –

Verb – Predicate Adjective

15.   Humans laugh.

Answer – Subject – Verb

16.   I trust you.

Answer – Subject – Verb – Object

17.   They discuss politics.

Answer – Subject – Verb – Object

18.   The waitress is a friend of mine.

Answer – Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun/Pronoun

19.   The child screamed.

Answer – Subject – Verb

20.  Janet is a teacher.

Answer – Subject – Verb – Predicate Noun/Pronoun