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Arts & Letters Daily

QuickBooks

Kinds of sentences

    Dr. Otto
Whether we talk to a friend or write an email, we use different kinds of sentences to say what we want to say. Just look at the following examples.
YouTube Tutorial – click on INTRODUCTION /OR/ APPLICATION
Text for Tutorial on APPLICATION  – click HERE
Notes – scroll down to Notes
Assignment – scroll down to Assignment
Answer Key – scroll down to Answer Key
Practice oral English – click HERE
ASK DR. OTTO – click HERE

Notes

 

A sentence is a unit of meaning which can stand alone because it expresses a complete thought. There are four kinds of sentences: declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory. Most sentences contain at least three elements: a subject, a verb, and an object or predicate noun/pronoun or predicate adjective.

We need different sentences to express ourselves. Sometimes we simply want to give information. At other times, we want to ask questions. Occasionally, we ask or command someone to do something. When we are excited, we want to express that excitement.

  • Declarative sentence: makes a statement (followed by a period)

Example: I use the Internet every day

Example: Jet planes travel very fast.

Example: My name is Joan.

  • Interrogative sentence: begins with’ how’, ‘when’, ‘where’, ‘what’, ‘why’ or ‘who’. asks a question (followed by a question mark)

Example: Why do you use the Internet?

Example: Who has a new computer?

Example: Where did you buy your laptop?

  • Imperative sentence: gives a command or request (followed by an exclamation mark, question mark or a period) The verb is the first word in the sentence and the subject is understood

Example: Don’t believe everything you read on the Internet.

Example: Stop!

Example: Will you please stop that screaming at once?

  • Exclamatory sentence: begins with ‘what’ or ‘how’ or, includes an interjection (usually followed by an exclamation mark)

Example: Wow! I made this great discovery on the Internet.

Example: What a shame you missed the party!

Example: How dare you question my idea!

Assignment

Underline the correct answer for each sentence.

1. Pick up your clothes and put them away.

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

2. Do you need a ride to school?

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

3. Today will be sunny and warm.

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

4. What a great race David ran!

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

5. Most people enjoy taking a holiday.

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

6. Has the newspaper come yet?

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

7. Shut the door behind you, please.

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

8. My students finish their assignments on time.

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

9. Wow! What a beautiful sports car.

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

10. Have you seen my jacket?

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

11. I will come to the meeting.

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

12. I don’t believe it!

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

13. Janet went to her piano lesson.

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

14. Who will be staying for lunch today?

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

15. Walk; don’t run in the hallway.

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

16. The garden is overgrown with weeds.

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

17. Can you help me with my homework?

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

18. Try harder to get a good mark.

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

19. Yesterday was windy and cold.

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

20. Why is the music so loud?

  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Imperative
  • Exclamatory

Answer Key

Kinds of Sentences

1. Pick up your clothes and put them away.

Answer: Imperative

2. Do you need a ride to school?

Answer : Interrogative

3. Today will be sunny and warm.

Answer : Declarative

4. What a great race David ran!

Answer: Exclamatory

5. Most people enjoy taking a holiday.

Answer : Declarative

6. Has the newspaper come yet?

Answer : Interrogative

7. Shut the door behind you, please.

Answer : Imperative

8. My students finish their assignments on time.

Answer : Declarative

9. Wow! What a beautiful sports car.

Answer : Exclamatory

10. Have you seen my jacket?

Answer : Interrogative

11. I will come to the meeting.

Answer : Declarative

12. I don’t believe it!

Answer : Exclamatory

13. Janet went to her piano lesson.

Answer : Declarative

14. Who will be staying for lunch today?

Answer : Interrogative

15. Walk; don’t run in the hallway.

Answer : Imperative

16. The garden is overgrown with weeds.

Answer : Declarative

17. Can you help me with my homework?

Answer : : Interrogative

18. Try harder to get a good mark.

Answer : Imperative

19. Yesterday was windy and cold.

Answer : Declarative

20. Why is the music so loud?

Answer : Interrogative