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Arts & Letters Daily

QuickBooks

Sentence Order - Level III

   

So, why am I about to introduce different sentence orders?

YouTube Tutorial – click on INTRODUCTION /OR/ APPLICATION
Text for Tutorial on APPLICATION – click HERE
Notes – scroll down to Notes
Assignment – scroll down to Assignment
Answer Key – scroll down to Answer Key
Practice oral English – click HERE
ASK DR. OTTO – click HERE

Notes

Standard Order

The word order of most English sentences is ‘subject-verb-object/complement. Writers may change the order to place special emphasis on a particular word, phrase or clause.

Changing the Sentence Order

The order of a sentence is inverted when the subject is preceded by the predicate, an adverb, a phrase or a clause. The predicate, adverb, phrase or clause are said to be inverted.

1. Predicate before the subject

Example: Are the books authored by Peter Drucker more innovative than most books?

Standard order for this sentence is: ‘The books authored by Peter Drucker are more innovative than most books.’ Questions often begin with a verb, thus the sentence order is inverted.

2.  Adverb before the subject

Example: Surprisingly, many business people have not read Drucker’s books. Standard order for this sentence is: ‘Many business people, surprisingly, have not read Drucker’s books.

3. Phrase before the subject

Example: Without exception, Drucker is the most important speaker on business development.

Standard order for this sentence is: ‘Drucker is the most important speaker on business development, without exception.

4. Clause before the subject

Example: Although Drucker makes no claim to fame, he is an international speaker.

Standard order for this sentence is: ‘Drucker is an international speaker, although he makes no claim to fame.

Assignment

Check the correct order.

1. Letter writing has one very important advantage over telephone calls in business.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

2. Still, managers worry about the effectiveness of their communication.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

3. Without the use of email, business people spent more time and money communicating by mail.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

4. Encountering vocal opponents, the President was not satisfied with the performance of his press secretary.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Predicate before the subject
Adverb before the subject
Phrase before the subject
Clause before the subject

5. Email is a very practical way to communicate; its instant reply function is especially useful.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

6. Must a report have an introduction, a body and a conclusion?

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

7. Email with all the elements of a business letter is an acceptable legal document.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

8. To write a letter of commendation to an employee, you should include the complete name and address of the person.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

9. Proudly, she presented the accomplishments of her Company to the shareholders.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

10. As a Customer Relations Officer, it is your responsibility to respond to letters of complaint.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

11. Most important, include only facts in a letter of complaint.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

12. The use of email streamlines communication by making it almost instant.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

13. Unfortunately, email exchanges are not taken as seriously as standard business letters.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

14. Are salutations used in emails the same as in letters?

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

15. The heading of an email is as important as the title of a book or a report.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

16. The use of email is especially useful for internal office communication.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

17. Surprisingly, Doug, who was new to our company, received the promotion to Department Head of Human Resources.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

18. From my experience, I would say that the most polite way of letting a person know of a grammatical error in an email is to reply using correct grammar.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

19. Writing a lengthy email, I use paragraph breaks to separate your ideas.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

20. As Professor of Management, Peter Drucker has written books and articles on sound business management practices.

Orders Check the correct order
Standard order
Subject in preceded by the predicate
Subject is preceded by an adverb
Subject is preceded by a phrase
Subject in preceded by a clause

Answer Key

Sentence Order

1. Letter writing has one very important advantage over telephone calls in business.

Answer – Standard order

2. Still, managers worry about the effectiveness of their communication.

Answer –  Subject is preceded by an adverb

3. Without the use of email, business people spent more time and money communicating by mail.

Answer –    Subject is preceded by a phrase

4. Encountering vocal opponents, the President was not satisfied with the performance of his press secretary.

Answer – Subject is preceded by a phrase

5. Email is a very practical way to communicate; its instant reply function is especially useful.

Answer –     Standard order

6. Must a report have an introduction, a body and a conclusion?

Answer –  Subject is preceded by the predicate

7. Email with all the elements of a business letter is an acceptable legal document.

Answer –     Standard order

8. To write a letter of commendation to an employee, you should include the complete name and address of the person.

Answer –  Subject is preceded by a phrase

9. Proudly, she presented the accomplishments of her Company to the shareholders.

Answer –    Subject is preceded by an adverb

10. As a Customer Relations Officer, it is your responsibility to respond to letters of complaint.

Answer – Subject is preceded by a phrase

11. Most important, include only facts in a letter of complaint.

Answer – Subject is preceded by a phrase

12. The use of email streamlines communication by making it almost instant.

Answer –    Standard order

13. Unfortunately, email exchanges are not taken as seriously as standard business letters.

Answer – Subject is preceded by an adverb

14. Are salutations used in emails the same as in letters?

Answer –    Subject is preceded by the predicate

15. The heading of an email is as important as the title of a book or a report.

Answer – Standard order

16. The use of email is especially useful for internal office communication.

Answer –    Standard order

17. Surprisingly, Doug, who was new to our company, received the promotion to Department Head of Human Resources.

Answer –  Subject is preceded by an adverb

18. From my experience, I would say that the most polite way of letting a person know of a grammatical error in an email is to reply using correct grammar.

Answer – Subject is preceded by a phrase

19. Writing a lengthy email, I use paragraph breaks to separate your ideas.

Answer –    Subject is preceded by a phrase

20. As Professor of Management, Peter Drucker has written books and articles on sound business management practices.

Answer –     Subject is preceded by a phrase