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Arts & Letters Daily

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Simple Sentence

Simple Sentence

Notes

The simple sentence represents the basic form of the sentence. It has a subject and a

predicate and expresses a complete thought.

Example: The star came from outer space.

Complete subject – The star

Complete predicate – came from outer space

1. Subject

The subject is a noun or a pronoun.

Example: Bill played baseball. (Subject – Bill)

Example: He is a good player. (Subject – He)

2. Predicate

There are four ways of structuring the predicate.

  • Verb. The simplest sentence consists of a subject and a verb.

Example: The weather improved.

Subject – weather

Verb – improved

  • Verb and an Object. When the verb is active, it may be followed by an object

which receives the action.

Example: Bill hit the ball.

Subject – Bill

Verb – hit

Object – ball

  • Verb and a Predicate Noun/Pronoun. When a verb serves as a linking verb

(intransitive verb), it may be followed by a predicate noun/pronoun. The predicate

noun/pronoun tells about the subject.

Example: Jane is a famous musician.

Subject – Jane

Verb – is

Predicate noun – musician.

  • Verb and a Predicate Adjective. When a verb serves as a linking verb (intransitive

verb), it may be followed by a predicate adjective. The predicate adjective

modifies about the subject.

Example: The biplane is very old.

Verb – is

Predicate adjective – old

Assignment

Identify the parts of each simple sentence by writing the correct answer in the spaces below the sentences.

1. Puma is another name for cougar.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

2. Owls hunt mice at night.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

3. (you) Keep the door closed.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________
  1. Mule deer ears are unusually large.

4. Mule deer ears are unusually large.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

5. Ground hogs live in underground dens.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

6. The bi-plane is older than the single engine plane.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

7. In the past decade, the earth has experienced seven of the ten warmest years on record.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

8. Our pets are fed and cleaned every day.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

9. The Gulf Stream is a warm current.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

10. Cars will use hydrogen fuel in the future.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

11. Bob cut himself with a sharp knife.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

12. Jim was the criminal with the longest record.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

13. The black cat lost some fur in a fight.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

14. The car’s muffler was damaged in the accident.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

15. My sister is younger than her friends.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

16. Our visitors arrived in time for the party.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

17. We purchased our home with money from my parents.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

18. Father’s golf score was the best in our group.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

19. My brother was the new leader of the band.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

20. Jane rented a car for herself.

  • Subject – _________________
  • Verb – _________________
  • Object – _________________
  • Predicate Noun/Pronoun – _________________
  • Predicate Adjectives – _________________

Answer Key

Simple Sentence

1. Puma is another name for cougar.

Answer: Subject- Puma

verb – is

predicate noun – name

2. Owls hunt mice at night

Answer: Subject- owls

verb – hunt

object- mice

3.  (you) Keep the door closed.

Answer: Subject- (you)

verb – keep

object –door

4. Mule deer ears are unusually large.

Answer: Subject- ears

verb – are

predicate adjective – large

5. Ground hogs live in underground dens.

Answer: Subject- ground hogs

verb – live

6. The bi-plane is older than the single engine plane.

Answer: Subject- bi-plane

verb – is

predicate adjective- older

7. In the past decade, the earth has experienced seven of the ten warmest years on record.

Answer: Subject- earth

verb – has experienced

object- years

8. Our pets are fed and cleaned every day.

Answer: Subject- pets

verb – fed, cleaned

9. The Gulf Stream is a warm current.

Answer: Subject- Gulf Stream

verb – is

predicate noun – current

10. Cars will use hydrogen fuel in the future.

Answer: Subject- cars

verb – will use

object- fuel

11. Bob cut himself with a sharp knife.

Answer: Subject- Bob

verb – cut

object- himself

12. Jim was the criminal with the longest record.

Answer: Subject- Jim

verb – was

predicate noun – criminal

13. The black cat lost some fur in a fight.

Answer: Subject- cat

verb – lost

object – fur

14. The car’s muffler was damaged in the accident.

Answer: Subject- muffler

verb – was damaged

15. My sister is younger than her friends.

Answer: Subject- sister

verb – is

predicate adjective- younger

16. Our visitors arrived in time for the party.

Answer: Subject- visitors

verb – arrived

17. We purchased our home with money from my parents.

Answer: Subject- we

verb –purchased

object- home

18. Father’s golf score was the best in our group.

Answer: Subject- score

verb –was

predicate adjective – best

19. My brother was the new leader of the band.

Answer: Subject- brother

verb –was

predicate noun – leader

20. Jane rented a car for herself.

Answer: Subject- Jane

verb –rented

object-car