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Arts & Letters Daily

QuickBooks

Tenses

 

    Dr. Otto

Simple Tenses

Verbs play an important role in all sentences. Here is what they do.
YouTube Tutorial – click on INTRODUCTION /OR/ APPLICATION
Text for Tutorial on APPLICATION  – click HERE
Sample – scroll down to Sample
Assignment – scroll down to Assignment
Answer Key – scroll down to Answer Key
Practice oral English – click HERE
ASK DR. OTTO – click HERE

Notes

 

Tense means time. Tense apply to verbs. Every verb has a number of tenses to indicate when the action or state of condition occurred. The simple tenses are Present, Past and Future. To change the present tense to the past, apply this rule in most cases: add ‘d’ or ‘ed’ or change ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘ed’. To create the Future tense, use ‘will’ or ‘shall’ before the present form of the verb. Read the following examples of the simple tenses.

Present Tense: the action occurs at the present time (singular and plural)

  • The person speaking ‘I’, ‘we’ – I walk.   We walk.
  • The person spoken to ‘you’ – You walk. You walk.
  • The person, place or thing spoken about – John walks. It walks.  They walk. Note: Third person singular requires that an ‘s’ be added to the verb

Past Tense: the action occurred or was completed in the past (singular and plural)

  • The person speaking ‘I’, ‘we’ – I walked.   We walked.
  • The person spoken to ‘you’ – You walked. You walked.
  • The person spoken about – John walked. They walked.

Future Tense: the action will occur in the future (singular and plural)

  • The person speaking ‘I’, ‘we’ – I will walk.   We will walk.
  • The person spoken to ‘you’ – You will walk. You will walk.
  • The person spoken about – John will walk. They will walk.
Verb call Present Tense Past Tense Future Tense
First Person singular I call I called I will call
Second Person Singular You call You called You will call
Third Person Singular He/she/it  call He/she/it called He/ she/it will call
First Person Plural We call We called We will call
Second Person Plural You call You called You will call
Third Person Plural They call They called They will call

Verb  Chart for the verb ‘call’

Some verbs do not follow these rules for spelling different tenses. They are called irregular verbs because the word is changed for different tenses. Sometimes the change simply includes changing the vowel in the word. Here are some examples of the present, past and future tenses of irregular verbs (see Irregular Verbs on page 55 for a more complete list):

  • buy – bought – will buy
  • catch – caught – will catch
  • drink – drank – will drink
  • hang – hung – will hang
  • grow- grew-will grow
  • go – went – will go
  • sit – sat – will sit
  • spend – spent – will spend
  • eat – ate – will eat


Assignment

 

Underline the tense for the verb in each sentence.

  1. Jim caught a fish yesterday.
  • Present
  • Past
  • Future
  1. The plates and cutlery are on the table.
  • Present
  • Past
  • Future
  1. The cups hang on hooks.
  • Present
  • Past
  • Future
  1. I spent money to buy a book.
  • Present
  • Past
  • Future
  1. Grapes and plums grow on trees.
  • Present
  • Past
  • Future
  1. Mary bought sugar and flour at the store.
  • Present
  • Past
  • Future
  1. Jane will eat lunch later.
  • Present
  • Past
  • Future
  1. Anne picked an apple from the apple tree.
  • Present
  • Past
  • Future
  1. A boy picks berries from a bush.
  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

10.  Mother buys vegetables at the local market.

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

11.  Mother will cook dinner later.

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

12.  My sister likes chicken and beef.

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

13.  Some people drink milk.

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

14.  I will go to the concert tomorrow.

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

15.  Many adults enjoy a cup of tea.

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

16.  Kevin went hiking last week.

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

17.  Jane will go home tomorrow.

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

18.  A balanced diet includes the four food groups.

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

19.  Today many families buy the food they eat.

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

20.  We grew tomatoes and beans in our garden last year.

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

Answer Key

Simple Tenses

1. Jim caught a fish yesterday.

Answer: Caught – past tense

2. The plates and cutlery sit on the table.

Answer: sit – present tense

3. The cups hang on hooks.

Answer: Hang – present tense

4. I spent money to buy a book.

Answer: Spent – past tense

5. Grapes and plums grow on trees.

Answer; Grow — present tense

6. Mary bought sugar and flour at the store.

Answer: Bought – past tense

7. Jane will eat lunch later.

Answer: Will eat – future tense

8.  Anne picked an apple from the apple tree.

Answer: Picked – past tense

9. A boy picks berries from a bush.

Answer: Picks – present tense

10. Mother buys vegetables at the local market.

Answer: Buys – present tense

11. Mother will cook dinner later.

Answer: Will cook- future tense

12. My sister likes chicken and beef.

Answer: Likes – present tense

13. Some people drink milk.

Answer: Drink – present tense

14. I will go to the concert tomorrow.

Answer: Will go – future tense

15. Many adults enjoy a cup of tea.

Answer: Enjoy – present tense

16. Kevin went hiking last week.

Answer: Went – past tense

17. Jane will go home tomorrow.

Answer: Will go – future tense

18. A balanced diet includes the four food groups.

Answer: Includes — present tense

19. Today many families buy the food they eat.

Answer: Buy – present tense; Eat – present tense

20. We grew tomatoes and beans in our garden last year.

Answer: Grew – past tense