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Perfect and Progressive Tenses Level III

Notes

Tenses

Tense means ‘time’ which is a property that is exclusive to verbs. Every verb has a number of tenses to indicate when an action or state of being occurred.

  • Simple Tenses

–       Present tense – action occurs at the present time

Example: John runs.

–       Past tense – action occurred in the past

Example: John ran.

–       Future tense – action will occur in the future

Example: John will run

.

  • Perfect Tenses

Perfect Tenses are formed by adding a form of the verb ‘be’ as an auxiliary (‘have’, ‘had’, ‘has’, ‘shall’ and ‘will’) to the past participle form of the verb. If the sentence has compound verbs, it is not necessary to repeat the auxiliary before the second verb.

–       Present Perfect Tense – action is completed or is continuing at the time of speaking. The tense is formed by including ‘have’ or ‘has’ with the past participle of the verb.

Examples: John has spoken to the manager.

John has called and spoken to the manager. (This sentence has compound verbs, ‘has called’ and ‘spoken’. The auxiliary ‘has’ is not repeated before ‘spoken’.)

–       Past Perfect Tense – action that has been completed before some definite time in the past. The tense is formed by including ‘had’ with the past tense of the verb.

Example: Before the officer arrived, the thief had disappeared.

–       Future Perfect Tense – action that will be completed at some definite time in the future. The tense is formed by including ‘shall have’ or ‘will have’ with the past tense of the verb.

Examples: My friend will have departed before I arrive at the airport.

I shall have departed before my friend arrives at the airport.

Verb ‘call’ Present Perfectadd ‘have’ or ‘has’ Past  Perfect– add ‘had’ Future Perfect – add ‘shall have’ or ‘will have’
First Person singular I have called I had called I shall have called
Second Person Singular You have called You had called you will have called
Third Person Singular He/she/it  has called He/she/it had called He/ she/it will have called
First Person Plural We have called We had called We shall have called
Second Person Plural You have called You had called You will have called
Third Person Plural They have called They had called They will have called

Chart 1 Perfect tenses of the regular verb ‘call’.

–       Simple and perfect tenses of the verb ‘to be’

The verb ‘be’ is not only, the most important linking verb, it is also the most irregular verb in the English Language.

Verb ‘be’ Present Tense Past Tense Future Tense
First Person singular I am I was I shall be
Second Person Singular You are You were You will be
Third Person Singular He/she/it is He/she/it was He/ she/it will be
First Person Plural We are We were We shall be
Second Person Plural You are You were You will be
Third Person Plural They are They were They will be

Chart 2: Present, Past, and Future Tenses of the verb ‘be’

Verb ‘be’ Present Perfect Past Perfect Tense Future Perfect
First Person singular I have been I had been I shall have been
Second Person Singular You have been You had been You will have been
Third Person Singular He/she/it has been He/she/it had been He/ she/it will have been
First Person Plural We have been We had been We shall have been
Second Person Plural You have been You had been You will have been
Third Person Plural They have been They had been They will have been

Chart 3 Irregular verb ‘be’

Irregular verbs are verbs in which the past tense does not end in ‘ed’ but is formed in various ways. The most common way is to change the vowel: for example, ‘ring’ and ‘rang’. The future tense is formed by adding ‘shall’ or ‘will’ to the present tense.

Verb ‘ring’ Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect
First Person singular I have rung I had rung I shall have rung
Second Person Singular You have rung You had rung You will have rung
Third Person Singular He/she/it has rung He/she/it had rung He/ she/it will have rung
First Person Plural We have rung We had rung We shall have rung
Second Person Plural You have rung You had rung You will have rung
Third Person Plural They have rung They had rung They will have rung

Chart 4. Perfect tenses of the verb ‘ring’.

  • Progressive Tenses.

Progressive tenses are special verb tenses in which action is continuing. The progressive tense is formed using a form of the verb ‘be’ with the present participle of the main verb.

When the verb ‘be’ and the words do, did, does have, had, has, shall, and will are used to make the progressive tenses, they are called auxiliary verbs.

There are no progressive tenses of the verb ‘be’. Forms of the verb ‘be’ are used as auxiliary verbs along with the main verb in a sentence to make the progressive tenses

–       Present Progressive Tense – is formed by including the present tense of ‘be’ with the present participle of the verb.

Example: I am going home soon. (‘Am’ is the first person singular, present tense of the verb ’be’. ‘Going’ is the present participle of the verb ‘go’.)

–       Past Progressive Tense – is formed by including the past tense of ‘be’ with the present participle of the verb.

Example: He was talking on the phone for over an hour. (‘Was’ is the third person singular past tense of the verb ’be’. ‘Talking’ is the present participle of the verb ‘go’.)

–       Future Progressive Tense – is formed using the future tense of the verb ‘be’ and the present participle of the verb.

Example: They will be arriving before we do. (‘Will be” is the third person plural future tense of the verb ‘be’. “Arriving’ is the present participle of the verb ‘arrive’.)

Verb ‘call’ Present Progressive Past Progressive Future Progressive
First Person singular I am calling I was calling I shall be calling
Second Person Singular You are calling You were calling You will be calling
Third Person Singular He/she/it is calling He/she/it was calling He/ she/it will be calling
First Person Plural We are calling We were calling We shall be calling
Second Person Plural You are calling You were calling You will be calling
Third Person Plural They are calling They were calling They will be calling

Chart 5: Progressive Tenses of the Regular Verb ‘call’

Verb ‘ring’ Present Progressive Past Progressive Future Progressive
First Person singular I am ringing I was ringing I shall be ringing
Second Person Singular You are ringing You were ringing You will be ringing
Third Person Singular He/she/ it is ringing He/she/ it was ringing He/ she/it will be ringing
First Person Plural We are ringing We were ringing We shall be ringing
Second Person Plural You are ringing You were ringing You will be ringing
Third Person Plural They are ringing They were ringing They will be ringing

Chart 6: Simple Progressive Tenses: Present, Past and Future Tenses of the Irregular Verb ‘ring’

Notes

 

  • Write the perfect and progressive tense verbs in the first column in the chart.
  • Check the correct tense for each verb.

1. I have called home many times to speak to the children.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

2. I am calling home every few minutes.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

3. Tom had visited New York several times before relocating there.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

4. Tom’s parents will be visiting him in New York from now on.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

5. My friends will have gone on vacation by now.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

6. They will be vacationing in Florida for at least a month.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

7. The bell will have rung before the children return from the park.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

8. The bell was ringing when we entered the school yard.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

9. The Martin’s are going to buy a home in the country.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

10. The Martin’s have looked for a home for over six months.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

11.  I was training for an important tournament when I broke my ankle.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

12.  I had planned to drive to the tournament but I shall not be going now.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

13.  You have bought the wrong cable for your computer.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

14.  You are buying more than enough food for the party.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

15.  Janet will be keeping our pets while we travel in Europe.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

16.  Janet will have kept our pets for over six weeks.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

17.  We had eaten breakfast before going on a long walk.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

18.  We shall be eating breakfast soon.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

19.  Michael had drawn several interesting diagrams.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

20.  Michael was drawing a diagram to illustrate his idea.

Verb Pr Per P Per F Per Pr Prog P Prog F Prog

Answer Key

Verb Tenses

1. I have called home many times to speak to the children.

Answer – Present Perfect

2. I am calling home every few minutes.

Answer –  Present Progressive

3. Tom had visited New York several times before relocating there.

Answer – Past Perfect

4. Tom’s parents will be visiting him in New York from now on.

Answer – Future Progressive

5. My friends will have gone on vacation by now.

Answer – Future Perfect

6. They will be vacationing in Florida for at least a month.

Answer – Future Progressive

7. The bell will have rung before the children return from the park.

Answer – Future Perfect

8. The bell was ringing when we entered the school yard.

Answer – Past Progressive

9. The Martin’s are going to buy a home in the country.

Answer – Present Progressive

10. The Martin’s have looked for a home for over six months.

Answer – Present Perfect

11. I was training for an important tournament when I broke my ankle.

Answer – Future Progressive

12. I had planned to drive to the tournament but I shall not be going now.

Answer – Past Perfect

13. You have bought the wrong cable for your computer.

Answer – Present Perfect

14. You are buying more than enough food for the party.

Answer – Present Progressive

15. Janet will be keeping our pets while we travel in Europe.

Answer – Future Progressive

16. Janet will have kept our pets for over six weeks.

Answer – Future Perfect

17. We had eaten breakfast before going on a long walk.

Answer – Past Perfect

18. We shall be eating breakfast soon.

Answer – Future Progressive

19. Michael had drawn several interesting diagrams.

Answer – Past Perfect

20.Michael was drawing a diagram to illustrate his idea.

Answer – Past Progressive