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Arts & Letters Daily

QuickBooks

Verbs

    Dr. Otto

Today, we are looking at action and no-action verbs. To begin with, let’s see what sentences look like without verbs.

YouTube Tutorial – click on INTRODUCTION /OR/ APPLICATION
Text for Tutorial on APPLICATION  – click HERE.
Sample – scroll down to Sample
Assignment – scroll down to Assignment
Answer Key – scroll down to Answer Key
Practice oral English – click HERE
ASK DR. OTTO – click HERE

Notes

Verbs are another group of words which must be part of every sentence. Verbs are words that tell what people or things do, what happens to them or what they are like. Every sentence and clause must have a verb. There are two kinds of verbs: action and no action verbs (state of being).

First, action verbs express or describe action. Most sentences and clauses have an action verb. Often, action verbs take an object in order to make a thought more complete. That is, the verb transfers action to the object while the object extends the meaning. For example, in the sentence – Children climb trees. – ‘Children’ is the subject (noun) and ‘climb’ is the verb and ‘tree’ is the object.

Second, no action verbs (state of being) are a small group of verbs that do not express action. They link the subject with the predicate of a sentence. The verb ‘be’ is the most important linking verb. The main purpose of this verb is to serve as a link that joins the subject to a word in the predicate that gives meaning to the subject. For example, in the sentence – Bob is ill. – the state of being verb ‘is’ links the subject ’Bob’ to an adjective ‘ill’ in the predicate. The word ‘ill’ is a predicate adjective that describes how Bob feels.

Active Verbs

Rule 1: All sentences and clauses have a verb. Most often, it is an action verb.

Examples:

The train stopped. (‘Train’ is the subject (noun) and ‘stopped’ is the verb that describes the action.

Most dogs bark. (‘Dogs’ is the subject (noun) and ‘bark’ is the verb that tells what ‘dogs’ do.)

Rule 2: Active verbs can take an object.

Examples:

Children climb trees. (‘Trees’ is the object of the verb ‘climb’. It tells what the children climb.)

Janet runs laps. (‘Laps’ is the object of the verb ‘runs’. It tells what Janet runs.)

No Action (State of Being) Verbs

The verb ‘be’ is the most common and most irregular no action verb. The following words are part of the verb ‘be’: am, are, is, was, were, will be.

Other no action verbs include: appear become feel grow seem look prove remain keep smell sound stay taste turn

State of being verbs link the subject to a noun or adjectives in the predicate.

Examples:

Bob is a farmer. (The word ‘farmer’ is a noun that describes who Bob is.)

My friends were late. (The word ‘late’ is a predicate adjective that describes friends.)

Assignment

Underline the correct answer for the verb underlined in each sentence.

1. Most birds fly.

• Action verb

• No action verb

2. Some children play soccer.

• Action verb

• No action verb

3. Babies sometimes cry.

• Action verb

• No action verb

4. Carrots are common vegetables.

• Action verb

• No action verb

5. My father sells houses.

• Action verb

• No action verb

6. Scissors are sharp.

• Action verb

• No action verb

7. Many men work in factories.

• Action verb

• No action verb

8. Janet is too young to go to school.

• Action verb

• No action verb

9. Michael rides his bike on the road.

• Action verb

• No action verb

10. I am a teacher.

• Action verb

• No action verb

11. Trees lose their leaves in fall.

• Action verb

• No action verb

12. You were early for the meeting yesterday.

• Action verb

• No action verb

13. Boys and girls eat cake with chocolate icing.

• Action verb

• No Action verb

14. Heroes are people that we respect.

• Action verb

• No action verb

15. The cat chased the mice into the barn.

• Action verb

• No action verb

16. I walked to the park this morning.

• Action verb

• No action verb

17. Mathematics is my favourite subject.

• Action verb

• No action verb

18. The women were late for work.

• Action verb

• No action verb

19. Anne writes letters to her friends.

• Action verb

• No action verb

20. I was frightened by the black bear.

• Action verb

• No action verb

Answer Key

Action and no Action Verbs

1. Most birds fly.

Answer: fly – action verb

2. Some children play soccer.

Answer: play – action verb

3. Babies sometimes cry.

Answer: Cry – action verb

4. Carrots are common vegetables.

Answer: Are – no action verb

5. My father sells houses.

Answer: sells –action verb.

6.  Scissors are sharp.

Answer : Are – no action verb

7.  Many men work in factories.

Answer: Work – action verb

8. Janet is too young to go to school.

Answer: Is – no action verb

9. Michael rides his bike on the road.

Answer: Rides – action verb

10. I am a teacher.

Answer: Am – no action verb

11. Trees lose their leaves in fall.

Answer: Lose- action verb.

12. You were early for the meeting yesterday.

Answer: Were – no action verb

13. Boys and girls eat cake with chocolate icing.

Answer: Eat – action verb

14. Heroes are people that we respect.

Answer: Are – no action verb; Respect – action verb

15. The cat chased the mice into the barn.

Answer: Chased – action verb

16. I walked to the park this morning.

Answer: Walked – action verb

17. Mathematics is my favourite subject.

Answer: Is- no action verb

18. The women were late for work.

Answer. Were – no action verb

19. Anne writes letters to her friends.

Answer: Writes- action verb

20. I was frightened by the black bear.

Answer: Was – no action verb