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Arts & Letters Daily

QuickBooks

Irregular verbs

    Dr. Otto
Again and again I have mentioned in the Tutorials that verbs are an essential part of all sentences. We have seen how verbs can be grouped …
YouTube Tutorial – click on INTRODUCTION /OR/ APPLICATION
Text for Tutorial on APPLICATION  – click HERE
Notes – scroll down to Sample
Assignment – scroll down to Assignment
Answer Key – scroll down to Answer Key
Practice oral English – click HERE
ASK DR. OTTO – click HERE

Notes

 

Regular Verbs

Regular verbs are verbs in which the past tense is formed by adding ‘ed’ to the present tense. The future tense is formed by adding ‘shall’ or ‘will’ to the present tense of a verb.

Examples:

I call my mother every day. (present tense of the verb ‘call)

I called her yesterday. (past tense of the verb ‘call’)

I will call her tomorrow. (future tense of the verb ‘call’)

The third person singular form of regular verbs adds an ‘s’ to the present tense.

Examples:

John calls home often. (third person singular require an ‘s’)

Bill plays baseball. (third person singular require an ‘s’)

Jane chooses to walk to school. (third person singular require ‘s’)

add answer ask bake bat
borrow burn breathe call carry
choose cheer clean cry cycle
count dance dress drop dream
earn enter exit explain fix
fill follow float gather glue
guess help hop hope invite
include invent jog join jump
joke kick knock laugh learn
like live look match mend
name need open obey paint
phone play pull push question
race rain roll sail save
shop smile spell stop talk
think trick turn use visit
wait walk wish work yell

Common Regular Verbs

Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs are verbs in which the past tense does not end in ‘ed’ but is formed in various ways. The most common way is to change the vowel: ‘ring’ to ‘rang’. The future tense is formed by adding ‘shall’ or ‘will’ to the present tense.

Examples:

I ring the base hand bell in the choir. (‘Ring’ is the present tense of the verb.)

The teacher rang the bell at 9 A.M. (‘Rang’ is the past tense of the verb ‘ring’.)

The bell will ring at 3 P.M. this afternoon. (‘Will ring’ is the future tense of the verb ‘ring’.)

 

Present Tense Past Tense Future Tense: add ‘will’ or ‘shall’
blow blew will blow
come came will come
draw drew will draw
drink drank will drink
drive drove will drive
fall fell will fall
forget forgot will forget
get got will get
give gave will give
know knew will know
ride rode will ride
run ran will run
sit sat will sit
write wrote will write

Chart: Simple Tenses for Common Irregular Verbs

 

Present Tense Past Tense Future Tense: add ‘will’ or ‘shall’
break broke will break
bring brought will bring
catch caught will catch
cut cut will cut
eat ate will eat
go went will go
leave left will leave
lose lost will lose
see saw will see
set set will set
take took will take
think thought will think

Chart: Simple Tenses for Irregular Verbs with inconsistent forms in the past tense

Examples:

The boys lose most of the soccer games they play. (‘Lose’ is the present tense)

They lost their last game by the score of 2-1. (‘Lost’ is the past tense of the verb ‘lose’.)

They will not lose any more games this season. (‘Will lose’ is the future tense of the verb ‘lose’.)

 

The Verb ‘Be’

The verb ‘be’ is the most irregular verb in the English Language. Memorize these words. The following chart lists the singular and plural forms of the present, past and future tenses of the verb ‘be’.

 

Verb ‘Be’ Present Tense Past Tense Future Tense
First Person singular I am I was I will be
Second Person Singular You are You were You will be
Third Person Singular He/she/it is He/she/it was He/ she/it will be
First Person Plural We are We were We will be
Second Person Plural You are You were You will be
Third Person Plural They are They were They will be

Chart: Verb ‘Be’

Assignment

Underline the correct verb in brackets.

1. Do you (catch caught) the ball with your right hand?

2. Sally (draw drew) a perfect circle.

3. John (broke break) his arm playing football.

4. My sister (is was) home now.

5. Kevin (drove drive) to the lake last night.

6. We (shall eat ate) dinner early tomorrow.

7. My parents (left leave) for Europe yesterday.

8. They (will go went) to Europe again next year.

9. Does Ken (know knew) how to send email?

10.  I (give gave) Jane a ride home this morning.

11.  We (saw see) a beautiful sunset last evening.

12.  Bill (got get) his foot caught in the door.

13.  Don’t (forget forgot) to bring your books.

14.  They (rode ride) their bikes through the park last week.

15.  Please (take took) your clothes to your room.

16.  Anne (wrote write) letters to all her friends.

17.  Joe (runs ran) two miles every day.

18.  Where will you (sit sat) at the concert?

19.  He (fell fall) and twisted his ankle.

20.  My neighbours (were are) at the concert last night.

Answer Key

Irregular Verbs

1. Do you (catch caught) the ball with your right hand?

2. Sally (draw drew) a perfect circle.

3.  John (broke break) his arm playing football.

4. My sister (is was) home now.

5. Kevin (drove drive) to the lake last night.

6. We (shall eat ate) dinner early today.

7. My parents (left leave) for Europe yesterday.

8. They (will go went) to Europe again next year.

9. Does Ken (know knew) how to send email?

10. I (give gave) Jane a ride home this morning.

11. We (saw see) a beautiful sunset last evening.

12. Bill (got get) his foot caught in the door.

13. Don’t (forget forgot) to bring your books.

14. They (rode ride) their bikes through the park last week.

15. Please (take took) your clothes to your room.

16. Anne (wrote write) letters to all her friends.

17. Joe (runs ran) two miles every day.

18. Where will you (sit sat) at the concert?

19. He (fell fall) and twisted his ankle.

20. My neighbours (were are) at the concert last night.