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Verbal Phrase _ Level III

Verbal Phrase


Notes

Verbal Phrase
Verbal Phrases are made up of a verbal (participle, gerund or infinitive) and its related object and modifiers.

Gerund – verb ending in ‘ing’ and used as nouns.
Example: Writing well isn’t always easy. (‘Writing well’ is a verbal phrase and ‘Writing’ is used as a gerund.)

Participle – used as adjective to modify a noun or pronoun. Most verbs have a present participle (ending in ‘ing’) and a past participle (ending in ‘d’ or ‘ed’). running shoe; crowded bus.
Example: Wading through numerous journal articles, I reviewed the most recent research on cognitive development of adolescents. (Wading through numerous journal articles’ is a present participle phrase modifying the pronoun ‘I’.)

Infinitive – can be used as an adjective, adverb or noun. It is composed of a verb preceded by the word ‘to’.
Example: To write concisely is a real challenge. (‘To write concisely’ is an infinitive phrase acting as subject of the sentence.)

Example: Betty was the first person in her family to attend college. (‘To attend college’ is an infinitive phrase that serves as an adjective modifying the noun ‘person’.)

Example: Only one question on the Math 101 Test was too difficult for me to solve. (‘To solve’ is an infinitive phrase that serves as an adverb modifying the adjective ‘difficult’.)

Assignment

  • Enter the verbal phrases
  • Indicate the type of verbal
  • Indicate the part of speech of the verbal
  • Select the word modified where it applies

1. He injured his elbow playing tennis because he refused to take lessons.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

2. All the teams in our Junior Hockey League are so strong that it is almost impossible for a team to win every game.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

3. Do not interrupt meetings by taking cell phone calls because they interfere with the work of the committee.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

4. Since diving is a favorite American sport, both American champions will compete in the Olympics.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

5. Surprised by the news from my daughter, I left work early yesterday.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified
  1. The good news from my daughter was that she plans to register in a Ph. D. program in Physics.

6. The good news from my daughter was that she plans to register in a Ph. D. program in Physics.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

7. One of the most fascinating cities of the world to visit is New York.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

8. I wear my old running shoes to work in the garden.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

9. My brother uses the sky train to commute to work every day.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

10.  Every morning I have to take the crowded sea-bus.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

11.   The doctor recommended walking every day as the preferred form of exercise for his heart patients..

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

12.  Accomplishing difficult tasks every day is very satisfying to most people.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

13.   The park warden proceeded with great caution as he tracked down the wounded black bear.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

14.   Although he refused to take lessons, he learned to play tennis well.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

15.  Sleeping eight hours a night is recommended for adults of all ages.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

16.   The unknown was the most frightening part of that dangerous voyage.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

17.   The confused tourists took a wrong turn in the road when they left the city to visit a rural shrine.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

18.   The local merchants were reluctant to speak up on the issue for fear of reprisals.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

19.   The President of our company works eighteen hours a day when the going gets tough.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

20.  The dissatisfied customer took his complaint to the manager.

Verbal phrases Verbal: gerund, participle or infinitive Part of speech: adjective, adverb or noun Word modified

Answer Key

Verbal Phrase

1. He injured his elbow playing tennis because he refused to take lessons.

Answer– Gerund – playing

Parts of speech – adjective

Word modified – He

Answer– Infinitive – to take

Parts of speech – noun

Word modified –

2. All the teams in our Junior Hockey League are so strong that it is almost impossible for a team to win every game.

Answer –  Infinitive – to win

Parts of speech – noun

Word modified –

3. Do not interrupt meetings by taking cell phone calls because they interfere with the work of the committee.

Answer– Gerund –    taking

Parts of speech – noun

Word modified –

4. Since high tower diving is a favorite American sport, it is attracting many athletes.

Answer– Gerund – diving

Parts of speech – noun

Word modified –

5. Surprised by the news from my daughter, I left work early yesterday.

Answer –  Participle –   surprised

Parts of speech – adjective

Word modified – I

6. The good news from my daughter was that she plans to register in a Ph. D. program in Physics.

Answer – Infinitive – to register

Parts of speech – noun

Word modified –

7. One of the most fascinating cities of the world to visit is New York.

Answer – Infinitive –  to visit

Parts of speech – adjective

Word modified – cities

8. I wear my old running shoes to work in the garden.

Answer – Participle –  running

Parts of speech – adjective

Word modified – shoes

9. My brother uses the sky train to commute to work every day.

Answer – Infinitive –  to commute

Parts of speech – adjective

Word modified – brother

10. Every morning I have to take the crowded sea-bus to work.

Answer – Participle – ­ crowded

Parts of speech – adjective

Word modified –  sea-bus

11. The doctor recommended walking every day as the preferred form of exercise for his heart patients..

Answer – Gerund – walking

Parts of speech – noun

Word modified –

12. Accomplishing difficult tasks every day is very satisfying to most people.

Answer – Gerund –  Accomplishing

Parts of speech – noun

Word modified –

13. The park warden proceeded with great caution as he tracked down the wounded black bear.

Answer – Participle – wounded

Parts of speech – adjective

Word modified – bear

14. Although he refused to take lessons, he learned to play tennis well.

Answer – Infinitive –    to take

Parts of speech – noun

Word modified –

Answer – Infinitive – to play

Parts of speech – noun

Word modified –

15. Sleeping eight hours a night is recommended for adults of all ages.

Answer – Gerund – Sleeping

Parts of speech – noun

Word modified –

16. The unknown was the most frightening part of that dangerous voyage.

Answer – Participle – frightening

Parts of speech – adjective

Word modified – part

17. Confused , the tourists left  the city to visit a rural shrine.

Answer – Participle –  confused

Parts of speech – adjective

Word modified – tourists

Answer – Infinitive – to visit

Parts of speech – adjective

Word modified – tourists

18. The local merchants were reluctant to speak up on the issue for fear of reprisals.

Answer – Infinitive – to speak up

Parts of speech – adjective

Word modified – merchants

19. The President of our company works eighteen hours a day when the going gets tough.

Answer – Gerund – going

Parts of speech – noun

Word modified –

20. Dissatisfied, the customer took his complaint to the manager.

Answer – Participle – dissatisfied

Parts of speech – adjective

Word modified – customer