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Arts & Letters Daily

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Rough Draft

Rough Draft

Notes

A rough draft is the first attempt at writing on a topic. Frequently, it is difficult to read for a number of reasons even though it may demonstrate considerable knowledge of a topic. It may be written in the first person and read like a personal story or it may simply be a list of everything the writer knows about a topic. From the reader’s point of view, there may be a lack of focus and it may not be organized very well. It may lack essential research and objectivity. Grammar errors may make the text more difficult to read. Readers may finish reading the text wondering why it was written.

Sample

Cars

Two German engineers invented the first gasoline-driven engine. It is used in early automobiles. They traveled very slowly, unlike cars today. That would be too slow for me. During World War II, lightweight strong metal materials were developed. From then on, these materials were used to manufacture the more streamlined bodies that cars have today. The company founded by Daimler and Benzes is still making cars. I would like to have one of these cars.

Template: Rough Draft

  • Contains first person references

–          I would like to have one of these cars.

  • Unclear main idea

–          Two German engineers invented the first gasoline-driven engine

  • Contains unrelated information or ideas

–          That would be too slow for me.

–          I would like to have one of these cars.

  • Contains grammar errors

–          It is used in early automobiles.

Assignment

Assignment 1

Find the rough draft features in the following paragraph and copy them in the appropriate spaces in the template.

Sir Frances Drake’s Voyage

This paragraph is about Sir Frances Drake’s voyage. He was the first Englishman to sail around the world. Ferdinand Magellan was the first explorer to travel around the globe. I think that Drake was an explorer but he was a pirate too. He helped fight against the Great Spanish Armada. He made three voyages to the New World and he stole gold. He raided Spanish settlements and burned Spanish ships. The Spanish are so afraid of him that they called him The Dragon. He was a pirate but one of the best-known seamen in all history.

Template: Rough Draft

  • Written in the first person and reads like a story

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­____________________________________________________________________

  • Unclear main idea

____________________________________________________________________

  • Contains unrelated information or ideas

____________________________________________________________________

  • Contain grammatical errors

____________________________________________________________________

Assignment 2

Find the rough draft features in the following paragraph and copy them in the appropriate spaces in the template.

The Titanic

The Titanic is my favourite ship. It was designed to be a marvel of shipbuilding. She was the largest movable object ever made by man.  It took two years just to complete the double-hull. The USS FRANKLIN was an aircraft carrier that had steel hull with a wooden flight deck. The U.S.S. CONSTITUTION is considered the most famous sailing ship of the U.S. Navy. The Titanic is designed to be the safest ship ever built. The Titanic contained a system of 16 watertight compartments sealed by massive doors. If there were damage to the hull, a switch would close these compartments. Sensors beneath the water line close the compartments. That is why I like the name ‘the Unsinkable Titanic’.

Template: Rough Draft

  • Written in the first person and reads like a story

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­____________________________________________________________________

  • Unclear main idea

____________________________________________________________________

  • Contains unrelated information or ideas

____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

  • Contains grammatical errors

____________________________________________________________________

Assignment 3

Find the rough draft features in the following paragraph and copy them in the appropriate spaces in the template.

Our Planet

They say that the earth may be getting brighter. Our planet was dimmer from 1994 to 2001. From 2001 to 2003, it seems to have gotten bright again. I wonder what all of this means. Many scientists think the earth is getting warmer. More clouds reflect more light back into space. Clouds are beautiful. A dimmer planet with fewer clouds would be warmer because of more sunlight reaching it. I think that means that we are heading for another ice age because we have lots of clouds.

Template: Rough Draft

  • Written in the first person and reads like a story

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­____________________________________________________________________

  • Unclear main idea

____________________________________________________________________

  • Contains unrelated information or ideas

____________________________________________________________________

  • Contains grammatical errors

____________________________________________________________________

Answer Key

Rough Draft

Assignment 1

Sir Frances Drake’s Voyage

This paragraph is about Sir Frances Drake’s voyage. He was the first Englishman to sail around the world. Ferdinand Magellan was the first explorer to travel around the globe. I think that Drake was an explorer but he was a pirate too. He helped fight against the Great Spanish Armada. He made three voyages to the New World and he stole gold. He raided Spanish settlements and burned Spanish ships. The Spanish are so afraid of him that they called him The Dragon. He was a pirate but one of the best-known seamen in all history.

Template: Rough Draft

  • Written in the first person and reads like a story

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­                I think

  • Unclear main idea

This paragraph is about Sir Frances Drake’s voyage  OR

He was the first Englishman to sail around the world.

  • Contains unrelated information or ideas

Magellan was the first explorer to travel around the globe.

  • Lack focus

first Englishman to sail around the world

Drake was an explorer but he was a pirate

  • Lack researched support

No research

  • Lack objectivity

Written in the first person and reads like a story

Assignment 2

The Titanic

The Titanic is my favourite ship. It was designed to be a marvel of modern technology. She was the largest movable object ever made by man.  It took two years just to complete the double-hull. The USS FRANKLIN was an aircraft carrier that had steel hull with a wooden flight deck. The U.S.S. CONSTITUTION is considered to be the most famous sailing ship of the U.S. Navy. The Titanic was designed to be the safest ship ever built. The Titanic contained a system of 16 watertight compartments sealed by massive doors. If there were damage to the hull, a switch would close these compartments. Sensors beneath the water line could also close the compartments. That’s why I like the name ‘he Unsinkable Titanic’.

Template: Rough Draft

  • Written in the first person and reads like a story

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­                The Titanic is my favourite ship.

That’s why I like the name ‘he Unsinkable Titanic’.

  • Unclear main idea

The Titanic is my favourite ship.

  • Contains unrelated information or ideas

The USS FRANKLIN was an aircraft carrier that had steel hull with a wooden flight deck.

The U.S.S. CONSTITUTION is considered to be the most famous sailing ship of the U.S. Navy.

  • Lack focus

marvel of modern technology

largest movable object ever made by man

designed to be the safest ship ever built

  • Lack researched support

No research

  • Lack objectivity

The Titanic is my favourite ship.

That’s why I like the name ‘he Unsinkable Titanic’.

Assignment 3

The Earth

They say that the earth may be getting brighter. Our planet was dimmer from 1994 to 2001. From 2001 to 2003, it seems to have gotten bright again. I wonder what all of this means. Many scientists think the earth is getting warmer. More clouds reflect more light back into space. Clouds are beautiful. A dimmer planet with fewer clouds would be warmer because of more sunlight reaching it. I think  that means that we are heading for another ice age.

Template: Rough Draft

  • Written in the first person and reads like a story

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­                I wonder what all of this means.

I think  that means that we are heading for another ice age.

  • Unclear main idea

They say that the earth may be getting brighter.  OR

the earth is getting warmer OR

I think  that means that we are heading for another ice age.

  • Contains unrelated information or ideas

I wonder what all of this means.

Clouds are beautiful.

  • Lack focus

They say that the earth may be getting brighter.  OR

the earth is getting warmer OR

I think  that means that we are heading for another ice age.

  • Lack researched support

No research

  • Lack objectivity

I think  that means that we are heading for another ice age.