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Arts & Letters Daily

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5 W’s


Reading - 5 W’s

     Dr. Otto
Readers look for clues that can guide them through the text. One of the most common set of clues is the 5 W’s (who, what, when, where, why). When all else fails, use some or all of this set of words to organize the information for your paragraph.
YouTube Tutorial – click HERE
Text for Tutorial  – click HERE
Sample – scroll down to Sample
Assignment – scroll down to Assignment
Answer Key – scroll down to Answer Key
Practice oral English – click HERE
ASK DR. OTTO – click HERE

Notes

Readers look for clues that lead to the meaning of a paragraph. The 5 W’s (who, what, when, where, why) offer a specific set of clues. Readers look for the most important ‘W’ or main idea in a paragraph. Then they look for some or all of the other ‘W’s’ that are used to support the most important ‘W’. The 5 W’s do not replace the paragraph format. Every paragraph must have an Introduction that states the main idea, a body to develop the main idea and a Conclusion to summarize what was said in the body. In summary, readers keep these questions in mind:

– Who is involved?

– What is it about?

– When did it take place?

– Where did it take place?

– Why is it important or interesting?

Sample

David Suzuki

David Suzuki is a well-known biologist and outspoken environmentalist. He was born on March 24, 1936, the eldest son of the Suzuki family. His interest in public speaking developed when he was in Junior High School. He went on to win many public speaking contests, often speaking about conserving nature. After working in several universities, Suzuki moved to the University of British Columbia where he continued with his research in biology.  Today, Suzuki shares his environmental concerns with the world through his TV program, The Nature of Things.

Template: 5 W’s

  • Who is involved

David Suzuki

  • What is it about?

well known biologist and outspoken environmentalist

  • When did it take place?

… born on March 24, 1936 (until the present time)

  • Where did it take place?

After working in several universities, Suzuki moved to the University of British Columbia

  • Why is it important or interesting?

Today, Suzuki shares his environmental concerns with the world through his TV program, The Nature of Things.

  • The dominant W – underline it – who, what, where, when, why

David Suzuki is a well known biologist and outspoken environmentalist.

  • The Minor W’s – underline them- Who, What, Where, When, Why
  • The main idea is stated in the introduction

David Suzuki is a well known biologist and outspoken environmentalist.

  • The paragraph closes with a conclusion

Today, Suzuki shares his environmental concerns with the world through his TV program, The Nature of Things.

Assignment

Assignment 1

 

Find the 5 W’s features in the following paragraph and copy them in the appropriate spaces in the template.

Travelling

How do people travel?  That depends on their travel needs and interests. Some young people like to ride scooters to enjoy the fresh air and bright sunshine. Families use cars for many things. They use them to drive to work, to shop and to go on family vacations. The family car is the most popular form of transportation. In big cities, people often travel to work by bus because it is the most economical form of transportation. Others choose to travel by bus to reduce air pollution. People have many different reasons for choosing their forms of transportation.

Reading - 5 W’s. 2

Template: 5 W’s

  • Who is involved?

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­____________________________________________________________________

  • What is it about?

____________________________________________________________________

  • When did it take place?

____________________________________________________________________

  • Where did it take place?

____________________________________________________________________

  • Why is it important or interesting?

____________________________________________________________________

  • The dominant W – underline it – who, what, where, when, why

____________________________________________________________________

  • The Minor W’s – underline them- Who, what, Where, When, Why

____________________________________________________________________

  • The main idea is stated in the introduction

____________________________________________________________________

  • The paragraph closes with a conclusion

____________________________________________________________________

Assignment 2

 

Find the 5 W’s features in the following paragraph and copy them in the appropriate spaces in the template.

Cars Yesterday and Today

Cars have changed dramatically in the last 100 years. The first cars traveled slowly compared to cars of today. In the early days, a person carrying a red flag walked in front of cars to warn people to clear the way. After World War II, lightweight metals were used in cars so they could travel faster.  Today manufacturers use strong lightweight plastic and fibreglass in cars. As a result, cars can travel over 150 kilometres per hour. Is this an improvement? That can be debated considering that cars traveling at high speeds are involved in serious accidents more often. The change to fast cars has been dramatic and has cost many human lives.

Template: 5 W’s

  • Who is involved?

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­____________________________________________________________________

  • What is it about?

____________________________________________________________________

  • When did it take place?

____________________________________________________________________

  • Where did it take place?

____________________________________________________________________

  • Why is it important or interesting?

____________________________________________________________________

  • The dominant W – underline it – who, what, where, when, why

____________________________________________________________________

  • The Minor W’s – underline them- Who, what, Where, When, Why

____________________________________________________________________

  • The main idea is stated in the introduction

____________________________________________________________________

  • The paragraph closes with a conclusion

____________________________________________________________________

Assignment 3

Find the 5 W’s features in the following paragraph and copy them in the appropriate spaces in the template.

Beach Soccer

People all over the world have been playing Beach Soccer for many years. The first Beach Soccer competition was held at Miami Beach. This was 1992.  Teams from the USA, Brazil, Argentina and Italy took part in this event. The second event was held on April 1994. This competition was held in Rio de Janeiro. It was the first event to be covered by network television. Rio de Janeiro also hosted the first Beach Soccer World Championship in 1995. Brazil won the competition. This win made them the first World Champions of Beach Soccer. The success of the tournament resulted in the Pro Beach Soccer Tour in 1996. Beach Soccer remains popular to this day.

Template: 5 W’s

  • Who is involved?

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­____________________________________________________________________

  • What is it about?

____________________________________________________________________

  • When did it take place?

____________________________________________________________________

  • Where did it take place?

____________________________________________________________________

  • Why is it important or interesting?

____________________________________________________________________

  • The dominant W – underline it – who, what, where, when, why

____________________________________________________________________

  • The Minor W’s – underline them- Who, what, Where, When, Why

____________________________________________________________________

  • The main idea is stated in the introduction

____________________________________________________________________

  • The paragraph closes with a conclusion

____________________________________________________________________

Assignment 4

Find the 5 W’s features in the following paragraph and copy them in the appropriate spaces in the template.

Flying

For many years, people have been fascinated with flying. Hot air balloons are the oldest successful human flight technology. They date back to 1783. Some are carried along by the wind. Others, called airships, are propelled by engines. Ballooning is a very quiet form of flying. It offers people a fantastic view of the earth below. In the 1950’s, the passenger jets was introduced. The Boeing 707 was the first widely used passenger jet. Transportation by jet aircraft is the safest form of travel. In 2004, 428 people lost their lives in aircraft accidents out of 9 million passengers. That compares to the same number of lives lost in 1945 out of 1.8 million passengers. The increasing number of people who choose to fly suggests that they have not lost their interest in flying.

Template: 5 W’s

  • Who is involved?

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­____________________________________________________________________

  • What is it about?

____________________________________________________________________

  • When did it take place?

____________________________________________________________________

  • Where did it take place?

____________________________________________________________________

  • Why is it important or interesting?

____________________________________________________________________

  • The dominant W – underline it – who, what, where, when, why?

____________________________________________________________________

  • The Minor W’s – underline them- Who, what, Where, When, Why

____________________________________________________________________

  • The main idea is stated in the introduction

____________________________________________________________________

  • The paragraph closes with a conclusion

____________________________________________________________________

Answer Key

5 W’s

Assignment 1

Travelling

How do people like to travel?  That depends on their travel needs and interests. Some young people like to ride on scooters to enjoy the fresh air and bright sunshine as they travel to work. For families, a car is used for many things. It can be used to drive to work, to drive to work and to drive to work. The family car is the most popular form of transportation. In big cities people travel to work by bus because it is the most economical form of transportation. Some people choose to travel by bus to reduce air pollution. People have many different reasons for choosing their forms of transportation.

Template: 5 W’s

  • Who is involved?

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­                some young people, families, some people

  • What is it about?

How do people like to travel?

drive to work, drive to work, drive to work

travel to work by bus

  • When did it take place?
  • Where did it take place?

Big cities,

  • Why is it important or interesting?

depends on their travel needs and interests

enjoy the fresh air and bright sunshine

most economical form of transportation

to travel by bus to reduce air pollution

  • The dominant W – which W is it about – who, what, where, when, why?

What – How do people like to travel?  That depends on their travel needs and interests.

  • The minor W’s include all the other W’s used in the paragraph – Who, Where, When, Why

Who, where, why

  • The main idea

How do people like to travel?  That depends on their travel needs and interests.

  • Conclusion

People have many different reasons for choosing their forms of transportation.

 

Assignment 2

Cars Yesterday and Today

Cars have changed dramatically in the last 100 years. The first cars with gasoline-driven engines traveled slowly compared to speeds at which cars go today. In the early days, a person carrying a red flag had to walk in front of cars to warn people. During World War II lightweight metals were used in cars so they could travel faster.  Today manufacturers use strong lightweight plastic and fibreglass in cars. As a result, cars can travel at speeds over 150 kilometres per hour. Is this a positive improvement? Cars traveling at high speeds are involved in many serious accidents compared with cars years ago. The change to fast cars has been dramatic and has cost many human lives.

 

Template: 5 W’s

  • Who is involved?
  • ­­­­­­What is it about?

Cars have changed dramatically in the last 100 years

  • When did it take place?

last 100 years, early days, today

  • Where did it take place?
  • Why is it important or interesting?

Cars traveling at high speeds are involved in many serious accidents compared with cars years ago

  • The dominant W – which W is it about – who, what, when, where, why?

What – Cars have changed dramatically in the last 100 years

  • The minor W’s include all the other W’s used in the paragraph – Who, What,  Where, When, Why

when, why

  • The main idea

Cars have changed dramatically in the last 100 years.

  • Conclusion

The change to fast cars has been dramatic and has cost many human lives.

Assignment 3

Beach Soccer

People all over the world have been playing Beach Soccer for many years. The first Beach Soccer competition was held at Miami Beach in 1992. Teams from the USA, Brazil, Argentina and Italy took part in this event. The second event was held on April 1994. This competition was held at the Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro also hosted the first Beach Soccer World Championship in 1995. Brazil won the competition which made them the first ever World Champions of Beach Soccer. The success of the tournament resulted in the Pro Beach Soccer Tour in 1996. Beach Soccer remains popular to this day.

 

Template: 5 W’s

  • Who is involved?
  • ­­­­­­What is it about?

People all over the world have been playing Beach Soccer for many years.

  • When did it take place?

1992, April 1994, 1995, 1996

  • Where did it take place?

Miami Beach,   Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro

  • Why is it important or interesting?
  • The dominant W – which W is it about – who, what, when,  where, why?

What – People all over the world have been playing Beach Soccer for many years.

  • The minor W’s include all the other W’s used in the paragraph – Who, Where, When, Why

when, where

  • The main idea

People all over the world have been playing Beach Soccer for many years.

  • Conclusion

Beach Soccer remains popular to this day.

Assignment 4

Flying

For many years, people have been fascinated with flying. Hot air balloons are the oldest successful human flight technology dating back to 1783. Some are carried along by the wind. Others, called airships, are propelled by engines. Ballooning is a very quiet form of flying and offers people a fantastic view of the earth below. The use of passenger jets was introduced in the 1950’s. The first widely used passenger jet was the Boeing 707. Transportation by jet aircraft is the safest form of travel. In 2004, 428 people lost their lives in commercial aircraft accidents out of 1.8 million passengers. That compares to the same number of lives lost in 1945 out of 9 million passengers. 2004 was the safest year ever for air transport. The increasing number of people who choose to fly suggests that they have not lost their interest in flying.

Template: 5 W’s

  • Who is involved?
  • ­­­­­­What is it about?

For many years, people have been fascinated with flying.

Hot air balloons

Airships

passenger jets

Boeing 707

safest form of travel

  • When did it take place?

1783, 1950’s, 2004,

  • Where did it take place?
  • Why is it important or interesting?

they have not lost their interest in flying.

  • The dominant W – which W is it about – who, what, when,  where, why?

What – For many years, people have been fascinated with flying.

  • The minor W’s include all the other W’s used in the paragraph – Who, Where, When, Why

when, why

  • The main idea

For many years, people have been fascinated with flying.

  • Conclusion

The increasing number of people who choose to fly suggests that they have not lost their interest in flying.