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Arts & Letters Daily

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Chronology Pattern


Reading - Chronology Pattern

     Dr. Otto
The Chronology pattern is used to organize a paragraph along a timeline. The reader is led through the paragraph by references to time such as year, season, month, day, hour, minutes, etc. This is a very easy pattern to follow and readers are quite familiar with time references. Of course, not all paragraphs can be organized around time.
YouTube Tutorial – click HERE
Text for Tutorial – click  HERE
Sample – scroll down to Sample
Assignment – scroll down to Assignment
Answer Key – scroll down to Answer Key
Practice oral English – click HERE
ASK DR. OTTO – click HERE

Notes

 

The Chronology pattern is used to organize a paragraph on a timeline. The reader is led through the paragraph by references to time such as year, season, month, day, etc. This is a very easy pattern to follow and readers are quite familiar with time references. Of course, not all paragraphs can be organized around time.

Sample

The Life of a Star

The life and death of a star begins somewhere in space. Astronomers claim that a star begins as a cloud of hydrogen and helium. As the cloud moves about it collects bits of dust and more floating gases. Then the cloud begins to warm as more dust and gases are pulled into it. After a long period of time as the cloud becomes denser, heat and friction cause the atoms to explode. That is how a star is born. The star will burn for about ten billion years as it radiates heat and energy. When the hydrogen begins to burn out the star becomes even larger. At this stage, it gives off a lot of light but not much energy. The star may continue to burn brightly but dies when it runs out of hydrogen. This is the life cycle of a star.

Template: Chronology

  • Main Idea

–          The life of a star

 

  • Body: Chronology

–          begins somewhere in space

–          Then

–          After a long period of time, as the cloud becomes more dense heat and friction cause the atoms to explode

–          A star is born when the entire cloud ignites.

–          This burning hydrogen fuses to form more helium and the star slowly expands.

–          The star will burn for about ten billion years as it radiates heat and energy.

–          When the hydrogen begins to burn out the star becomes even larger.

–          At this stage it gives off a lot of light but not much energy

  • Conclusion

–          The star may continue to burn brightly but dies when it runs out of hydrogen.

 

Assignment

Assignment 1

 

Apply the Chronology template to this paragraph.

Thomas Alva Edison: Scientist and Inventor

Thomas Edison, born in 1847, was a scientist and inventor. As a young boy, he was curious about how things worked. When Edison was born, society still thought electricity was a fad. When Edison became a scientist, he thought that electricity could produce light. He worked for years to develop a bulb that could harness electricity. The result was the light bulb, his most famous invention. By the time he died, entire cities were lit by electricity. Much of the credit for that progress goes to Edison. In tribute to this important American, electric lights in the United States were dimmed for one minute on October 21, 1931, a few days after his death.

Template: Chronology

  • Main Idea

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­_____________________________________________________________________

  • Body: Chronology

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

  • Conclusion

_____________________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

Assignment 2

 

Apply the Chronology template to this paragraph.

Douglas Bader

Douglas Bader loved to fly, loved his country and loved a challenge. Though he lost both legs in a plane crash in 1931, Bader refused to be defeated. As a youth, Bader excelled at cricket and rugby. He also won a scholarship to the Royal Air Force College, where he became the best pilot in his class. After the plane crash, Bader stubbornly persisted until he learned to walk and fly again. Pilots under his command admired his fearless approach to overcoming diversity. By example, Douglas Bader helped many disabled individuals realize their goals. He was knighted in 1976 for his efforts on behalf of people with disabilities. Bader was recognized for his determination to meet life’s challenges.

Template: Chronology

  • Main Idea

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­_____________________________________________________________________

  • Body: Chronology

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

  • Conclusion

_____________________________________________________________________

Answer Key

Reading: Chronology Pattern

Assignment 1

Thomas Alva Edison: Scientist and Inventor

Thomas Alva Edison was scientist and inventor who was born in 1847. As a young boy, he was curious about how things worked. Tremendous change took place in his lifetime and he was responsible for making many of those changes occur. When Edison was born, society still thought electricity was a fad. Edison thought that electricity could be used to produce light. He worked for years to develop a bulb that could harness the energy. The result was the incandescent light bulb, his most famous invention. By the time he died, entire cities were lit by electricity. Much of the credit for that progress goes to Edison. In his lifetime, Edison patented 1,093 inventions earning him the nickname “The Wizard of Menlo Park.” In tribute to this important American, electric lights in the United States were dimmed for one minute on October 21, 1931, a few days after his death.

Template: Chronology

  • Main Idea

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­                Tremendous change took place in his lifetime and he was responsible for making many of those changes occur.

  • Body: Chronology

young boy,

When Edison was born,

He worked for years,

By the time he died,

one minute on October 21, 1931, a few days after his death

  • Conclusion

In tribute to this important American, electric lights in the United States were dimmed for one minute on October 21, 1931

Assignment 2

David Suzuki

A third generation Japanese Canadian, David Suzuki is currently a popular TV personality and world-renowned scientist who speaks out on environmental issues. David was born on March 24, 1936, the eldest son of the Suzuki family. His interest in public speaking developed when he was in Junior High School where he entered a public speaking contest. He went on to win many public speaking contests, often speaking about conserving nature.  After working in the United States and the University of Alberta, Suzuki moved to the University of British Columbia where he continued with his research in biology. It is not surprising that he is also an outspoken environmentalist given his long-standing research in biology.

Template: Chronology

  • Main Idea

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­                David Suzuki is currently a popular TV personality and world-renowned scientist who speaks out on environmental issues

  • Body: Chronology

born on March 24, 1936

when he was in Junior High School

After working in the United States and the University of Alberta

where he continued with his research in biology

  • Conclusion

It is not surprising that he is also an outspoken environmentalist given his long-standing research in biology.

Assignment 3

Douglas Bader

Douglas Bader loved to fly, loved his country and loved a challenge. Though he lost both legs in a plane crash in1931, Bader refused to be defeated. As a youth, Douglas excelled at cricket and rugby. He also won a scholarship to the Royal Air Force College, where he became the best pilot in his class. After the plane crash, Bader stubbornly persisted until he learned to walk and fly again. Pilots under his command admired his fearless approach to overcoming diversity. By example, Douglas Bader helped many disabled individuals realize their goals. He was knighted in 1976 for his efforts on behalf of people with disabilities.

Template: Chronology

  • Main Idea

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­                Douglas Bader loved to fly, loved his country and loved a challenge.

  • Body: Chronology

As a youth

Royal Air Force College

lost both legs in a plane crash in1931

After the plane crash

knighted in 1976

  • Conclusion

He was knighted in 1976 for his efforts on behalf of people with disabilities.