buy levitra

Polls

What is most useful to you? You may select more than one answer.

View Results

Loading ... Loading ...

Arts & Letters Daily

QuickBooks

Essay: Comparison

Writing a Comparison

Comparison 2

  Dr. Otto

YouTube Tutorial – click HERE.
PowerPoint Writing Tutorial – Comparison
Text for Tutorial – click HERE.
Sample – scroll down to Sample
Assignment – scroll down to Assignment
Answer Key – scroll down to Answer Key
Practice oral English – click HERE
ASK DR. OTTO – click HERE

Comparison is a common way of thinking and writing whenever choices need to be made. Two possibilities are considered based on similarities and differences. Writers use comparison to reach conclusions about the choice of objects, people, issues or problems. There are two basic patterns for comparing.

  • Opposing Pattern

In the opposing pattern, the writer describes the first object, person or idea based on selected criteria and then describes the second object, person or idea using the same criteria and identifying similarities and differences. The conclusion is drawn from this process.

  • Alternating Pattern

In the alternating pattern, the writer alternates between two objects, persons or ideas for each criteria. The alternating pattern is best suited when details are important. The comparison follows from this process.

Key words used to compare and contrast.

  • Compare – similarities, similar, like likewise, both, in the same manner, in the same way, as well as
  • Contrast – differences, besides, but   rather, in spite of, nevertheless, still, yet, at the same time, however, to the contrary, alternatively

Sample

Flood of 1997

The Flood of 1997 had a major social and personal impact on the people living in Grand Forks. Prior to the flood of 1997, Grand Forks had a healthy community. The rates of divorce and hospital admissions were consistent with national norms. That changed dramatically in the two years after the flood, according to a study headed by Dr. Julie Anderson at Altru Health System. Anderson’s research, comparing the two years after the flood with the two years prior, showed a 6 percent increase in hospital admissions and a 14 percent increase in clinic visits. The two years after also saw a substantial increase in divorces. Dr. Anderson’s research reminds us of the wide-ranging impact that a natural disaster can have on people.

Comparison

1. Main idea

The Flood of 1997 had a major social and personal impact on the people living in Grand Forks.

2. Pattern

Opposing pattern

3. Sub-idea

Prior to the flood of 1997

  • Supporting details

Criterion 1 rates of divorce – were consistent with national norms

Criterion 2 hospital admissions – were consistent with national norms

Criterion 3_____________________________________________

4. Sub-idea

two years after the flood

  • Supporting details

Criterion 1 rates of divorce – substantial increase in divorces

Criterion 2 hospital admissions – 6 percent increase in hospital admissions and a 14 percent increase in clinic visits

Criterion 3_____________________________________________

5. Conclusion

the wide-ranging impact that a natural disaster can have on people

Assignment

 

Read the following paragraph and complete the template below.

Compare mountains

The Highest Mountain

Mount Everest is known as the tallest mountain in the world. However, according to geographers, Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain. Mount Everest is located on the Asian Continent in the Himalaya mountain range. Its elevation is 29,028 ft. above sea level. Mauna Kea, a dormant volcano is located on the main island of Hawaii. Its height of 33,465 ft. is greater than the height of Mount Everest. However, the base of Mauna Kea is on the floor of the Pacific Ocean which is18,000 ft. below sea level. In other words, only 13,796 feet of the mountain stands above sea level. If the bases of both mountains were at sea level, Mauna Kea would be 4400 feet taller. Hence, Mount Everest stands taller but Mauna Kea is higher. However, since Mauna Kea stands on the floor of the Pacific Ocean, Mount Everest stands taller.

Compare mountains 2

Comparison Template

1. Main idea

_________________________________________________________________

2. Pattern

_________________________________________________________________

3. Sub-idea

_________________________________________________________________

  • Supporting details

Criterion 1_____________________________________________

Criterion 2_____________________________________________

Criterion 3_____________________________________________

5. Sub-idea/criterion two

___________________________________________________________

  • Supporting details

Criterion 1_____________________________________________

Criterion 2_____________________________________________

Criterion 3_____________________________________________

6. Conclusion

_________________________________________________________________

Assignment

Writing Assignment: Comparison

Write a paragraph in which you prresent a comparison on a topic of your choice. Complete the template below to ensure that you have included all aspects of a comparison. Submit it to your teacher or tutor for feedback. Then edit your paragraph based on the feedback you received.

Comparison Template

1. Main idea

_________________________________________________________________

2. Pattern

_________________________________________________________________

3. Sub-idea

_________________________________________________________________

  • Supporting details

Criterion 1_____________________________________________

Criterion 2_____________________________________________

Criterion 3_____________________________________________

5. Sub-idea/criterion two

___________________________________________________________

  • Supporting details

Criterion 1_____________________________________________

Criterion 2_____________________________________________

Criterion 3_____________________________________________

6. Conclusion

_________________________________________________________________

Answer Key

Comparison

  • Main idea

Mount Everest is known as the tallest mountain in the world. However, according to geographers, Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain.

  • Pattern

Opposing pattern

  • Sub-idea

Mount Everest

–       Supporting details

Criterion 1 – located on the Asian Continent in the Himalaya mountain range

Criterion 2 – elevation is 29,028 ft.

Criterion 3 – above sea level

  • Sub-idea/criterion two

Mauna Kea

–       Supporting details

Criterion 1 – Mauna Kea is located on the main island of Hawaii

Criterion 2 – height of 33,465 ft.

Criterion 3 – base of Mauna Kea is on the floor of the Pacific Ocean which is18,000 ft. below sea level … 13,796 feet of the mountain stands above sea level … f the bases of both mountains were at sea level, Mauna Kea would be 4400 feet taller.

  • Conclusion

Hence, Mount Everest stands taller but Mauna Kea is higher. However, since Mauna Kea stands on the floor of the Pacific Ocean, Mount Everest stands taller.